Princely States of India A-J

Posted: September 15, 2011 in Children and Child Rights, Education, Geopolitics, Politics, Uncategorized, Youths and Nation

Note: The British ruled India with two administrative systems: British Provinces and
Indian "princely" states; about 60% of the territory of the Indian sub-continent were
provinces and 40% were princely states. Provinces were British territories directly administered by the colonial government of British India. Princely states were states with native rulers which had entered into treaty relations with the British.
Except for some states that were extinguished in the 19th century (Arkat, Assam, Awadh,Kodagu, Mahratta states, Pañjab, Utkala), this record contains those Indian ("princely")states that acceded to India with effective date on or after 15 Aug 1947. If no date of accession is noted, 15 Aug 1947 is understood. This list is selective, there were more  than 565 states when Britain granted the Indian independence 15 Aug 1947; about  210 are listed here. However, only "states" are included; "estates" (jagir), "estate revenue grants" (thikana), and "land holders" (zamindar) are excluded, no matter how prominent and/or titled these were. Obsolete but once official English-language names  of the polities are given in parentheses, i.e., Awadh (Oudh). The phrase "British India" is used for U.K. colonial possessions even before 1858, for brevity. The all princely  states of India entered into protectorate/tributary relations with Britain by the end of the 19th century, where exact dates are known they are noted. 


Ahmadnagar: see Idar


Ajaygarh (Ajaigarh)

[Ajaygarh (Ajaigarh)]

Capital: Ajaygarh
(Ajaigarh)
Population: 96,596 (1941)
53,000 (1871)

1731                       Ajaygarh state founded.
1855 - 1859                Occupied by British India.

Rajas
1731 - 1758                Jagat Raja
1758 - 1765                Pahar Singh                        (d. 1765)
1765 - 1792                Guman Singh                        (d. 1792) 
1792 - 1793                Bakht Singh (1st time)             (b. 17.. - d. 1837)
1793 - 1802                `Ali Bahadur
1802 - 1804                Shamsher Bahadur
1804 - 1807                Lakshman Dada
1807 - 21 Jun 1837         Bakht Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1837 - 1849                Madho Singh                        (d. 1849)
1849 - 22 Jun 1853         Mahipat Singh                      (d. 1853)
1853 - 12 Sep 1855         Bijai Singh                        (d. 1855)
12 Sep 1855 -  4 Sep 1859  Interregnum
 4 Sep 1859 - 1877         Ranjor Singh                       (b. 1848 - d. 1919)
1858 - 1868                Rajmata of Ajaigarh -Regent
Rulers (title Sawai Maharaja)
1877 - 1919                Ranjor Singh                       (s.a.) 
7 Jun 1919 - 1942         Bhopal Singh                       (b. 1866 - d. 1942)
11 Jul 1942 - 15 Aug 1947  Punya Pratap Singh                 (b. 1884 - d. 1958)


Akalkot

[Akalkot]

Capital: Akalkot Population: 82,047 (1901)

 7 Jul 1708                Akalkot state, founded.
1708 - 1848                Vassal of Satara.
 8 Mar 1948                Accedes to India.

Rulers (title Meherban Shrimant Raja)
 7 Jul 1708 - 1760         Fatehsinh I Shivaji Raje Bhonsle   (d. 1760)
1760 - 1789                Shahaji I Fatehsinh Raje Bhonsle   (d. 1789)
1789 - 1822                Fatehsinh II Shahaji Raje Bhonsle  (b. 1770 - d. 1822)
1822 - Apr 1823            Maloji I Fatehsinh Raje Bhonsle    (b. 1803 - d. 1823)
Apr 1823 - 1857            Shahaji II Maloji Raje Bhonsle     (b. 1822 - d. 1857)
Apr 1823 - 1838            .... -Regent
1857 - 1870                Maloji II Shahaji Raje Bhonsle     (b. 1837 - d. 1870)
1866 - 1870                .... -administrator
1870 - 31 Dec 1896         Shahaji III Maloji Raje Bhonsle    (b. 1867 - d. 1896)
1870 - Nov 1891            .... -administrator
31 Dec 1896 -  3 Apr 1923  Fatehsinhrao III Shahaji Raje      (b. 1894 - d. 1923)
                             Bhonsle
31 Dec 1896 - 20 Aug 1916  Lakshmi Bai Raje Sahib
                             Bhonsle (f) -Regent
 4 Apr 1923 -  8 Mar 1948  Vijaya Singh Rao Bhonsle           (b. 1915 - d. 1952)
 4 Apr 1923 - 27 Feb 1936  Tara Bai Raje Sahib                (b. 1899 - d. 1942)
                             Bhonsle (f) -Regent



Alipura

1757                       State founded.
1808                       Named Alipura

Rulers (title Rao, from 1877 Rao Bahadur)
1757 - 1790                Achal Singh                       (d. 1790)
1790 - 1835                Pratap Singh
1835 - 1840                Pancham Singh
1840 - 1841                Daulat Singh
1841 - 1871                Hindupat Singh                    (d. 1871)

1871 - 1903                Chhatrapati Singh                 (b. 1853 - d. 1922)
Rulers (title Rao Bahadur Raja)
1903 - 1922                Chhatrapati Singh                 (s.a.)
26 Mar 1922 - Nov 1934     Harpal Singh                      (b. 1882 - d. 1934)
                             (regent 1919 - 1922)
Nov 1934 - 1934            Bhopal Singh
1934 - 15 Aug 1947         Raghuraj Singh                    (b. 1901 - d. 1987)  


Ali Rajpur

[Ali Rajpur]

Capital: Rajpur Population: 112,754 (1941)
101,963 (1931)

1437                       Ali Rajpur state founded.

Rulers 
.... - ....                Pahad Deo Singh I                
.... - ....                Udai Deo
.... - 1765                Pahad Deo Singh II                 (d. 1765)
Rulers (title Rana) 
1765 - 1818                Pratap Singh                       (d. 1818)
1818                       Musafir Mekran
1818 - 17 Mar 1862         Jashwant Singh                     (b. 1818 - d. 1862)
1862 - Mar 1871            Gang Deo Singh                     (b. c.1845 - d. 1871)
1871 - 1881                Rup Deo Singh                      (b. 1847 - d. 1881)
1881 - 16 Aug 1890         Bijai Singh                        (b. 1881 - d. 1890)
16 Aug 1890 - 14 Feb 1891  Interregnum
14 Feb 1891 - 1911         Pratap Singh                       (b. 1881 - d. af.1950)
Rajas
1911 - 1941?               Pratap Singh                       (s.a.)
                             (personal style of Maharaja from 1941)
1941 - 23 Oct 1941         Fateh Singh                        (b. 1904 - d. 1941)
23 Oct 1941 - 15 Aug 1947  Surendra Singh                     (b. 1923 - d. 1996)
1941 - 1947 
               Pratap Singh -Regent               (s.a.)


Alwar

 

[Alwar (India) c.1775-1931]
                           c.1775 – 1931
[Alwar (India) 1931-1947]
                               1931 – 1947

Nov 1775                   Alwar state founded (previously part of Jaipur).
14 Nov 1803                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rao Raja)
Nov 1775 - 26 Sep 1791     Pratap Singh                       (b. 1740 - d. 1791)
                             (personal style Maharao Rana Shri Sawai)
26 Sep 1791 - 27 Jan 1815  Bakhtawar Singh                    (b. 1779 - d. 1815)
27 Jan 1815 - 1832         Banni Singh                        (b. 1806 - d. 1857)
                           - jointly with following -
1815 - 1826                Balvant Singh                      (d. 1845)

Rulers (title Maharao Raja) 
1832 - Aug 1857            Banni Singh                        (s.a.)
Aug 1857 - 11 Oct 1874     Shivdan Singh (installed 1867)     (b. 1845 - d. 1874)

1857 - 1867                .... -Regent
11 Oct 1874 - Apr 1889     Mangal Singh                       (b. 1859 - d. 1892)

Maharajas (title Raj Rishi Shri Sawai Maharaja
Apr 1889 - 22 May 1892     Mangal Singh                       (s.a.)
22 May 1892 - 1933         Jai Singh                          (b. 1882 - d. 1937)
22 May 1892 - 10 Dec 1903  .... -Regent
1933 - 15 Aug 1947         Tej Singh (installed 22 Jul 1937)  (b. 1911 - d. 2009)



Amarnagar

17 Sep 1883                Thana Devli State, known as Amarnagar, founded.

Rulers (title Darbar Shri Wala)
17 Sep 1883 - 12 May 1922  Laksman Meran                      (b. 1849 - d. 1922)
12 May 1922 - 12 Oct 1922  Regency 
12 Oct 1922 - 1947         Amra Laskman                       (b. 1895 - d. 1960) 


Amb (Tanawal State): see Pakistani Princely States


Amber: see Jaipur


Ambliara

1619                       Ambliara state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur Saheb Shri Maan)
1689 – 1724                Roop Singhji
1724 – 1773                Moghaji
1773 – 1796                Bhalji
1796 – ….                Bhathhiji
…. – ….                Naathu Singhji
…. – 1876                Amar Singhji                       (b. 1838 - d. 1876)
1876 - 1908                Jhalamsinghji Amarsinghji          (b. 1860 - d. 1908)
1908 - 1947                Keshrisinghji Jalamsinghji         (b. 1887 - d. 1963)



Angul 

1848                       Annexed to British India.

Rajas
.... - ....                Dhanujjaya Singh Jagadeo
.... - ....                Nityananda Singh Jagadeo
1803                       Krishna Chandra Singh Jagadeo
1803 - 1806                Achala Man Singh Jagadeo
1806 - 1809                Jarawar Singh
1809                       Jaya Singh
1809 - 1813                Prithvi Singh
1814 - 1848                Somanath Singh


Arakan: see Arakan, Shan, and Karen states of Burma


Arkat (Arcot/Carnatic)

[Arcot]

1692                        State of Arkat (Arcot) also called, Karnataka (Carnatic)
                              after the region it dominated, founded subordinate
                              to Haydarabad.
1692 - 1750                 French protectorate.
1763                        Independence recognized under British protectorate.
26 Jul 1801                 Arkat is de facto absorbed by the U.K. colonial government.
 7 Oct 1855                 State extinguished, annexed to British India.

Rulers (title Nawab Subadar)
1692 - 1703                Zulfiqar Ali Khan
1703 - 1710                Daud Khan
1710 - 1732                Muhammad Saadatullah Khan I
1732 - 1740                Dost Ali Khan                      (d. 1740)
1740 - 1742                Safdar Ali Khan                    (d. 1742)
1742 - 1744                Muhammad Saadatullah Khan II       (d. 1746)
1744 - 31 Jul 1749         Anwaruddin Khan Bahadur            (b. c.1672 - d. 1749)
31 Jul 1749 - 16 Oct 1795  Muhammad Ali Anwar ud-din Khan     (b. 1717 - d. 1795)
                             Bahadur 
1750 - 1752                Husain Dost Khan (in opposition)
16 Oct 1795 - 15 Jul 1801  Ghulam Husain Ali Khan Bahadur     (b. 1748 - d. 1801)
31 Jul 1801 -  3 Aug 1819  Abdul Ali Khan Bahadur             (b. 1775 - d. 1819)
 3 Aug 1819 - 12 Nov 1825  Muhammad Munawwar Khan Bahadur     (b. 1797 - d. 1825)
23 Dec 1825 -  7 Oct 1855  Ghulam Muhammad Ghaus Khan Bahadur (b. 1824 - d. 1855)
12 Nov 1825 - 25 Aug 1842  Azim Jah Bahadur -Regent


Assam

1228                       The Ahom people (Ahom is a dialectal version of Assam).
                             found a state, frequently under Burmese suzerainty.
Mar 1817 - Apr 1817
        Occupied by Burma.
Mar 1819 - Jun 1825        Occupied by Burma.
1824 - 1826                Occupied by Britain.
24 Feb 1826                Burma formally cedes Assam to Briain
                             (incorporated in Bengal).
1832 - Oct 1838            A briefly revived Ahom state in Upper Assam.

Rajas
1679 - 1681                Lora Rojaa Sulikphaa Ratnadhwaj    (d. 1681)
1681 - Feb 1696            Gadapani Supaatphaa Gadadhar Singh (d. 1796)
1696 - 1714                Sukhrungphaa Rudra Singh           (d. 1714)
1714 - 1744                Sutanphaa Siva Singh (Xiba Xingha) (d. 1744) 
1744 - 1751                Sunenphaa P
ramatta Singh           (d. 1751)
1751 - 1769                Suramphaa Rajesvar Singh           (d. 1769)
1769 - 1780                Sunyeopha Lakshmi Singh
1780 - 1792                Suhitpangpha Gaurinathasimha
                             Juvaraja (1st time)
1792 - 1793                Baratha Singh Mahamari (1st time)
1793 - 1796                Sarvananda Singh
1796                       Baratha Singh Mahamari (2nd time)
1796 - 1808                Suhitpangpha Gaurinathasimha
                             Juvaraja (2nd time)
1808 - 1811                Suklingpha Kamaleshvarasimha       (d. 1811)
1811 - 1818                Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha         (d. 182.)
                             Narendra (1st time)
1818 -  9 Mar 1819         Purendrasimha Narendra (1st time)
Mar 1819 - Apr 1821        Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha         (s.a.)
                             Narendra (2nd time)
Apr 1821 - 1822            Yogeshvarasimha (1st time)
1822 - 21 Jun 1822         Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha         (s.a.)
                             Narendra (3rd time)
21 Jun 1822 - 1825         Mingyi Maha Thilawa -Burmese official 
1822 - 24 Feb 1826         Yogeshvarasimha (2nd time) 
1832 - Oct 1838            Purendrasimha Narendra (2nd time) 

British Commanders
1824                       George McMorine                    (b. 1763 - d. 1824)
1824 - 1826                Arthur Richards
British Agent
1832 - 1838                Adam White                         (b. 1790 - d. 1839)   


Athgarh

1178                       Athgarh state founded.

Rajas (title Raja Srikaran
1681 - 1709                Narayana Bawarta Patnaik
1709 - 1741                Rama Krishna Bawarta Patnaik
1741 - 1771                Debia Singh Bawarta Patnaik
1771 - 1821                Gopinath Bawarta Patnaik
1821 - 1825                Krishna Chandra Bawarta Patnaik
1825 - 1837                Rama Chandra Bawarta 
1837 - 1862                Bhubaneswar Bawarta Patnaik
1862 - 1869                Jagunath Bawarta Patnaik II        (d. 1869) 
1869 - 1893                Bhagirathi Bawarta Patnaik         (b. 1844 - d. 1893)
1893 - 25 Jan 1896         Raghunath Bawarta Patnaik          (b. 1865 - d. 1896)
25 Jan 1896 - 22 Jun 1918  Vishvanath Bawarta Patnaik         (b. 1885 - d. 1918)
25 Jan 1896 - 1908         .... -Regent
22 Jun 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Radhanath Bawarta Patnaik          (b. 1909 - d. ....)
22 Jun 1918 -  5 Sep 1932  .... -Regent


Athmallik

1874                       Athmallik estate is recognized as a state.

Rajas
1874 -  4 Feb 1877         Jogendra Samant                     (b. 1821 - d. 1877)
 4 Feb 1877 - 1902         Narendra Deo Samant                 (b. c.1848 - d. 1902?)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1890)
1902 -  3 Nov 1918         Bibhudendra Deo Samant              (d. 1918)
 3 Nov 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Kishor Chandra Deo Samant           (b. 1904 - d. c.1971)
3 Nov 1918 - 24 Dec 1925  
L.E.B. Cobden-Ramsay -Regent


Aundh

[Aundh]

1699                       Aundh state founded.

Rulers (title Meherban Shrimant)
1699 - 27 May 1718         Parusharam Trimbak                 (b. 1660 - d. 1718)
1718 - 25 Nov 1746         Shrinivasrao Parashuram            (d. 1746)
1746 - 1754                Jagjivanrao Parashuram
1754 -  5 Apr 1776         Shrinivasrao Gangadhar             (d. 1776)
1776 - 30 Aug 1777         Bhavanrao                          (d. 1777)
30 Aug 1777 - 11 Jun 1848  Parashuramrao Shrinivas            (b. 1777 - d. 1848)
11 Jun 1848 - 1901         Shrinivasrao Parashuram            (b. 1833 - d. 1901)
1901 - 1905                Parashuramrao Shrinivas
                             "Dada Sahib"                     (b. 1858 - d. 1905)
 3 Nov 1905 -  4 Nov 1909  Gopalkrishnarao Parashuram
                             "Nana Sahib"
 4 Nov 1909 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhavanrao Shrinivas "Bala Sahib"   (b. 1868 - d. 1951)

Prime minister
1944 - 1948                Parshuram Rao Pant                 (b. 1912 - d. 1992) 



Avuku

1481                       Avuku state
1805                       Annexed to Haydarabad.

Rulers
1691 - 1735                Pedda Kumara Raghava
1735 - 1737                Appa Naransinha
1737 - 1739                Shellama
1739 - 1743                Narasinha II
1743 - 1751                Kishama
1751 - 1759                Olajapati II
1759 - 1767                Kumara Raghava
1767 - 1771                Venkata Narasinha
1771 - 1785                Narayana
1785 - 1805                Krishna


Awadh (Oudh)

[Awadh (Oudh)]
c.1842 – 13 Feb 1856

1732                       A senior official of the Mughal Empire establishes a
                             hereditary polity (under Mughal sovereignty) in Awadh (Oudh).
 1 May 1816                British protectorate.
 8 Oct 1819                The ruler takes the style of padshah (king), signaling 
                             formal independence.
 7 Feb 1856                King deposed and Awadh incorporated into British India.
 5 Jul 1857 -  3 Mar 1858  Brief rebellion by son of deposed king.

Rulers (title Subadar Nawab)
1732 - 19 Mar 1739         Borhan al-Molk Mir Mohammad Amin
                             Musawi Sa`adat `Ali Khan I       (b. c.1680 - d. 1739)
19 Mar 1739 - 28 Apr 1748  Abu´l Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan
                             (1st time)                       (b. c.1708 - d. 1754)
Ruler (title Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik)
28 Apr 1748 - 13 May 1753  Abu´l Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan   (s.a.)
                             (acting to 29 Jun 1748)
Rulers (title Subadar Nawab)
 5 Nov 1753 -  5 Oct 1754  Abu´l Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 5 Oct 1754 - 15 Feb 1762  Jalal ad-Din Shoja` ad-Dowla       (b. 1732 - d. 1775)
                             Haydar 
Rulers (title Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik)
15 Feb 1762 - 26 Jan 1775  Jalal ad-Din Shoja` ad-Dowla       (s.a.)
                             Haydar 
26 Jan 1775 - 21 Sep 1797  Asaf ad-Dowla Amani                (b. 1748 - d. 1797)
21 Sep 1797 - 21 Jan 1798  Mirza Wazir `Ali Khan              (b. 1780 - d. 1817)
21 Jan 1798 - 11 Jul 1814  Yamin ad-Dowla Nazem al-Molk
                             Sa`adat `Ali Khan II Bahadur     (b. bf.1752 - d. 1814)
11 Jul 1814 - 19 Oct 1818  Ghazi ad-Din Rafa`at ad-Dowla      (b. 1769 - d. 1827)
                             Abu´l-Mozaffar Haydar Khan
Kings (title Padshah-e Awadh, Shah-e Zaman)
19 Oct 1818 - 19 Oct 1827  Ghazi ad-Din Mo`izz ad-Din         (s.a.)
                             Abu´l-Mozaffar Haydar Shah 
19 Oct 1827 -  7 Jul 1837  Naser ad-Din Haydar Solayman       (b. 1803 - d. 1837)
                             Jah Shah 
 7 Jul 1837 - 17 May 1842  Mo`in ad-Din Abu´l-Fath Mohammad   (b. 1777 - d. 1842)
                             `Ali Shah 
17 May 1842 - 13 Feb 1847  Naser ad-Dowla Amjad `Ali Thorayya (b. 1801 - d. 1847)
                             Jah Shah 
13 Feb 1847 -  7 Feb 1856  Naser ad-Din `Abd al-Mansur        (b. 1822 - d. 1887)
                             Mohammad Wajed `Ali Shah 
 5 Jul 1857 -  3 Mar 1858  Berjis Qadr (in rebellion)         (b. 1845? - d. 1893)

British Residents (Agents) in Lucknow
1773 - 1774                Nathaniel Middleton (1st time)     (b. 1750 - d. 1807)
1774 - 1776                John Bristow (1st time)            (b. 1750 - d. 1802)
1776 - 1779                Nathaniel Middleton (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1779 - 1780                Purling
1780 - 1781                John Bristow (2nd time)            (s.a.)
1781 - 1782                Nathaniel Middleton (3rd time)     (s.a.)
1782 - 31 Dec 1783         John Bristow (3rd time)            (s.a.)
1784 - 1793                Edward Otto Ives                   (b. 1754 - d. 1809) 
1793 - 1796                George Frederick Cherry            (b. 1761 - d. 1799)
1796 - 1799                James Lumsden 
1799 - 1804                W. Scott 
1804 - 11 Jun 1807         John Ulrich Collins                (d. 1807)
1807 - 1815                John Baillie                       (b. 1772 - d. 1833)
1815 - 1817                Richard Charles Strachey           (b. 1781 - d. 1847)
1818 - 1820                J.R. Monckton                      (d. 1857) 
1820 - 1823                Felix Vincent Raper
1823 - 1827                Mordaunt Ricketts                  (b. 1786 - d. 1862)
1829 - 1831                Thomas Herbert Maddock             (b. 1790 - d. 1870)
1831 - 1842                John Low                           (b. 1788 - d. 1880)
1839 - 1841                James Caulfield (acting for Low) 
1842 - 1843                William Nott                       (b. 1782 - d. 1845)
Dec 1843 - 1844            George Pollock                     (b. 1786 - d. 1872)
1844 - 1849?               Archibald Richmond 
1849 - 1854                William Henry Sleeman              (b. 1788 - d. 1856)
1854 - 1856                James Outram                       (b. 1803 - d. 1863)
Commissioners of Lucknow 
1856                       James Outram                       (s.a.)
1856 - 1857                Henry Montgomery Lawrence          (b. 1806 - d. 1857)
1858 - 1863                Saunders A. Abbott                 (b. 1811 - d. 1894)


Baad: see Idar


Baghal

c.1643                     Baghal state founded.
1805 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Rana)
1670 - 1727                Prithvi Chand                      (d. 1727)
1727 - 1743                Mehar Chand                        (d. 1743)
1743 - 1778                Bhup Chand                         (d. 1778)
1778 - 1805                Jagat Singh (1st time)             (d. 1828)
                            (in Nalagarh exile 1805 - 1815)
1805 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
 3 Sep 1815 - Aug 1828     Jagat Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1828 - 16 Jan 1840         Shiv Saran Singh                   (b. 1793 - d. 1840)
1840 - 12 Mar 1875         Kishan Singh                       (b. 1817 - d. 1877)
                            (personal style Raja from 1860)
Rajas
12 Mar 1875 - 23 Jul 1877  Kishan Singh                       (s.a.)
Jul 1877 - 12 Oct 1877     Moti Singh                         (d. 1877)
1877 - 1904                Dhian Singh                        (b. 1842 - d. 1904)
23 Apr 1904 -  3 Oct 1922  Bikram Singh                       (b. 1893 - d. 1922)
 3 Oct 1922 - 21 Dec 1945  Surendra Singh                     (b. 1909 - d. 1945)
21 Dec 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  Rajendra Singh                     (b. 1928 - d. 2010)


Baghat

Middle Ages                Baghat state founded.
1839 - 1842                Part of British India.
1849 - 1861                Part of British India.

Rulers (title Rana)
1777 - 1787                Fateh Pal
1787 - 1810                Raghunath Pal                      (d. 1810)
1810 - 11 Jul 1839         Mohindar Singh                     (d. 1839)
1839 - 1842                part of British India
1842 - Jan 1849            Bije Singh                         (d. 1849) 
1849 - 1861                part of British India
1861                       Umaid Singh                        (b. 1825 - d. 1861)
1861 - 30 Dec 1911         Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1860 - d. 1911)
30 Dec 1911 -  4 Jun 1928  Durga Singh                        (b. 1901 - d. 1977)
Raja
 4 Jun 1928 - 15 Aug 1947  Durga Singh                        (s.a.)


Bahawalpur: see Pakistani Princely States


Balasinor

 

[Balasinor (India) State flag]
                 State Flag
[Balasinor (India) Royal flag]
                Royal Flag

28 Sep 1758                Balasinor state founded.

Rulers (title Nawab Shri Babi)
28 Sep 1758 - 17..         Muhammad Khanji Bahadur Khanji
17.. - ....                Jamiyat Khanji Muhammad Khanji
.... - May 1820            Salabat Khanji Jamiyat Khanji      (d. 1820)
May 1820 - 1822            Abid Khanji
1822 -  2 Dec 1831         Jalal Khanji (Edal Khanji)         (d. 1831)
 2 Dec 1831 - 30 Nov 1882  Zorawar Khanji                     (b. 1828 - d. 1882)
 2 Dec 1831 - 20 May 1841  Shri Yamuna Bibi                   (d. 1841)
                             Sahiba (f) -Regent
30 Nov 1882 - 24 Mar 1899  Munawar Khanji Zorawar Khanji      (b. 1846 - d. 1899)
24 Mar 1899 -  2 Feb 1945  Jamiyat Khanji Munawar Khanji      (b. 1894 - d. 1945)
                             (suspended from Feb 1938) 
24 Mar 1899 -  9 Nov 1915  .... -Regent

 2 Feb 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  Muhammad Salabat Khan II           (b. 1944)
2 Feb 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  .... -Regent


Balsan

1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Thakur)
.... - ....                Jai Singh
.... - 1815                Dharam Singh
1815 - 1858                Jograj Singh                       (b. 1780 - d. 1867)
Rulers (title Rana)
1858 - 1867                Jograj Singh                       (s.a.)
1867 - 17 Nov 1884         Bhup Singh                         (b. 1820 - d. 1884)
1884 - 1918                Bhir Singh                         (b. 1860 - d. 1918)
1918 - May 1936            Atar Singh                         (b. 1868 - d. 1936)
May 1936 - 1943            Ran Bahadur Singh                  (b. 1905 - d. 1965)
1943 - 15 Aug 1947         Vidyabushn Singh                   (b. 1938 - d. 1979)


Baltistan: see Pakistani Princely States


Bamra

c.1545                     Bamra state founded according to legend.

Rajas
1673 - 1713                Bhagirath Deb
1713 - 1745                Pratap Deb

1745 - 1779                Sidasar Deb
1779 - 1819                Arjun Deb

1819 - 1832                Balunkabrusabha Deb
1832                       Khageswar Deb
1832 - 12 May 1869         Brajasundar Deb "Tribhuban Singh"  (d. 1869)
12 May 1869 - 19 Nov 1903  Basu Deb Sudhal Deb                (b. 1850 - d. 1903)
19 Nov 1903 - 11 Mar 1916  Satchitananda Tribhuban Deb        (d. 1916/18)
11 Mar 1916 -  1 Jan 1920  Dibyashankar Sudhal Deb            (d. 1920) 
 1 Jan 1920 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhanuganga Tribhuban Deb           (b. 1914 - d. 1982)


Banaras (Benares)

[Banaras (Benares)]

....                       Kashi (or Banaras) state
1194                       Part of Oudh.
1740                       Estate transformed into Banaras state.
1775                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India, renamed Varanasi.

Rajas
1740 - 19 Aug 1770         Balwant Singh                      (b. 1717 - d. 1770)
1770 - 16 Aug 1781         Chait Singh                        (d. 1810)
30 Sep 1781 - Sep 1794     Mahip Narayan Singh                (b. 1756 - d. 1794)
1794 - Mar 1835            Udit Narayan Singh                 (d. 1835)
1835 - 13 Jun 1889         Ishvari Prasad Narayan Singh       (b. 1822 - d. 1889)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1859)
1889 - 1918                Prabhu Narayan Singh               (b. 1855 - d. 1931)

                             (personal style Maharaja)
Rulers (title Maharaja Bahadur)

1918 -  4 Aug 1931         Prabhu Narayan Singh               (s.a.)
 4 Aug 1931 -  5 Apr 1939  Aditya Narayan Singh               (b. 1874 - d. 1939)
 5 Apr 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Vibhuti Narayan Singh              (b. 1927 - d. 2000)


British Resident

1793 - 14 Jan 1799         George Frederick Cherry            (b. 1761 - d. 1799)



Banda 

1790                       Banda state founded.
1858                       Annexed by British India.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1790 - 1802                Ali Bahadur I
1802                       Zulfiqar Ali (1st time)
1802 - 1825                Shamsher Bahadur
1825 - 1850                Zulfiqar Ali (2nd time)
1850 - 1858                Ali Bahadur II                     (d. 1873)


Bandhora: see Jaso


Bangahal

c.1200                      Bangahal state founded.
1770                        Remaining lands divided between Kangra and Guler.

Rajas
1709 – 1720                 Prithvi Pal                       (b. 1686 – d. 1720/28)
1720 – 1735                 Raghunath Pal                     (b. 1708 – d. 1735/49)
1735 – 1749                 Dalel Pal                         (b. 1728 – d. 1749)
1749 – 1770                 Man Pal                           (b. 1747 – d. 1770)


Bangala: see Bangladesh


Banganapalle

[Banganapalle]

1665                       Banganapalle estate founded.
1783 - 1790                Annexed by Mahisur (Mysore).
1790                       Banganapalle liberated from Mahisur (Mysore), becomes a state.
1831 - 12 Jul 1848         Nominally annexed by Haydarabad (Hyderabad),
                             but under British administration.
1 Feb 1905 - 21 Apr 1905  Administered by British India.
1939 - 15 Aug 1947 
        Administered by British India.

Rulers (title Kiladar)
1686 - 1758                Fadli `Ali Khan I                  (d. 1758)
1758 -  7 Apr 1769         Fadli `Ali Khan II                 (b. 1749 - d. 1769)
1758 - 1767                Muhammad Beg Khan-i-Lang -Regent
 7 Apr 1769 - 26 Aug 1783  Hosayn `Ali Khan                   (d. 1783)
26 Aug 1783 - 1784         Gholam `Ali Khan I (1st time)      (d. 1822)
1784 - 1790                annexed to Mahisur (Mysore)
1784 - 1790                Muhammad Yusuf -Administrator
1790 - 1814                Mozaffar al-Molk Asad `Ali Khan
                           - jointly with following-
1790 -  8 Sep 1822         Gholam `Ali Khan I (2nd time)      (s.a.)
 8 Sep 1822 - 1831         Hosayn `Ali Khan (1st time)        (d. 1848)
12 Jul 1848 - 1848         Hosayn `Ali Khan (2nd time)        (s.a.)

1848 -  7 Oct 1868         Gholam Mohammad `Ali Khan II       (d. 1868)
 7 Oct 1868 - 24 Jan 1876  Fath `Ali Khan                     (b. 1849 - d. 1905)
Rulers (title Nawab)
24 Jan 1876 - 21 Apr 1905  Fath `Ali Khan                     (s.a.)
21 Apr 1905 - 22 Jan 1922  Gholam `Ali Khan III               (b. 1874 - d. 1922) 
21 Apr 1905 - 12 Dec 1908  .... -Regent
22 Jan 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Fadli `Ali Khan III                (b. 1901 - d. 1948)

                             (forced to reside outside state 1939 - 1947)


Bansda

 

[Bansda (India) c.1877]
                  bf.1877 –  ….
[Bansda]
                       ….  – 1947

Rulers (title Raja Sahib; from 1876 Maharaja Sahib)
.... - 1701                Udaisimhji II
1701 - 1716                Virsimhji I                        (d. 1716)
1716 - 1739                Ralbhamji                          (d. 1739)
1739 - 1753                Ghulabsimhji I                     (d. 1753)
1753 - 1770                Udaisimhji III                     (d. c.1770)
1770 - 1780                Kiratsimhji Las                    (d. 1780)
1780 - 1789                Virsimhji II                       (d. 1789)
1789 - 1793                Naharsimhji                        (d. 1793)
1793 - 1815                Raisimhji                          (d. 1815) 
1815 - 27 Oct 1828         Udaisimhji IV                      (d. 1828)
1828 - 1862                Hamirsimhji                        (d. 1862)
1862 - 13 Feb 1876         Ghulabsimhji II                    (b. 1838 - d. 1876)
 6 Mar 1876 - 21 Sep 1911  Pratapsimhji Ghulabsimhji          (b. 1863 - d. 1911) 
21 Sep 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Indrasimhji Pratapsimhji           (b. 1888 - d. 1951)


Banswara

[Banswara]

1527                       Banswara state founded.
16 Nov 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rawal, from 1747 Maharawal)
1688 - 1702                Ajab Singh
1702 - 1713                Bhim Singh                         (d. 1713)
1713 - 1737                Bishan Singh                       (d. 1737)
1737 - 1747                Udai Singh II                      (d. 1747)
1747 - 1786                Prithvi Singh                      (d. 1786)
1786 - 1816                Bijai Singh                        (b. 17.. - d. 1816)
1816 - 1819                Umaid Singh                        (d. 1819)
1819 -  6 Nov 1838         Bhawani Singh                      (b. c.1803 - d. 1838)
1838 -  2 Feb 1844         Bahadur Singh                      (b. c.1788 - d. 1844)
1844 - 29 Apr 1905         Lakshman Singh                     (b. 1835 - d. 1905)
1905 -  8 Jan 1914         Shambhu Singh                      (b. 1868 - d. 1914)
Rulers (title Sri Raj-i-Rajan Maharawal)
8 Jan 1914 - 28 Jul 1944  Prithvi Singh                      (b. 1888 - d. 1944)

29 Nov 1944 - 15 Aug 1947  Chandra Vir Singh                  (b. 1909 - d. 1985)


Bantva-Manavadar: see Manavadar


Baoni

[Baoni-Bundelkhand]

1784                       Baoni state founded.
1806                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1784 -  1 Sep 1800         `Emad al-Molk Ghazi ad-Din Khan    (b. 1736 - d. 1800)
 1 Sep 1800 - 11 May 1815  Naser ad-Dowla                     (b. c.1756 - d. 1815)
11 May 1815 - 18 Oct 1838  Amir al-Molk                       (d. 1838)
18 Oct 1838 - 18 Aug 1859  Mohammad Hosayn                    (d. 1859)
18 Aug 1859 -  5 Oct 1883  Emam ad-Dowla Hosayn               (d. 1895)
 5 Oct 1883 -  2 Aug 1894  Mohammad Hasan Khan                (b. 1863 - d. 1894)
 2 Aug 1894 - 27 Oct 1911  Riaz al-Hasan Khan                 (b. 1876 - d. 1911)
27 Oct 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Moshtaq al-Hasan Khan     (b. 1896 - d. 1977)


Baramba

[Baramba]

1305                       Baramba state founded.

Rulers (title Rawat)
1679 - 1711                Balabhadra Mangaraj
1711 - 1743                Fakir Mangaraj
1743 - 1748                Banadhar Mangaraj
1748 - 1793                Padmanava Birbar Mangaraj
1793 - 1842                Pindik Birbar Mangaraj Mahapatra
1842 - 1869                Gopinath Birbar Mangaraj
1869 - 1874                Daswanathi Birbar Mangaraj         (b. 1851 - d. ....)
                             Mahapatra
Rajas
1874 - 1881                Daswanathi Birbar Mangaraj         (s.a.)
                             Mahapatra
15 Jul 1881 - 20 Aug 1922  Bishambhar Birbar Mangaraj         (b. 1880 - d. 19..)
                             Mahapatra
20 Aug 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Narayan Chandra Birbar Mangaraj
                             Mahapatra                        (b. 1914 - d. 1954)
20 Aug 1922 - 16 Jan 1935  .... -Regent 


Baraundha (Pathar Kachhar)

bf.1549                     Baraundha (also called Pathar Kachhar) state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1790 -  4 Jan 1827          Mohan Singh                        (d. 1827)
1827 - 1867                 Sarabjit Singh
1867 - 1870                 Dharampal Singh
1870 - 1874                 Chhatarpal Singh                   (d. 1874)
1874 - 1886                 Raghubar Dayal Singh               (b. 1840 - d. 1886)
                             (personal style Raja Bahadur from 1877)
18 Aug 1886 -  8 Jul 1908   Pratap Singh                       (b. 1847 - d. 1930)
Rajas 
 8 Jul 1908 - 1930          Pratap Singh                       (s.a.)
1930 - 1933                 Gaya Prasad Singh                  (b. 1865 - d. 1933)
1933 - 15 Aug 1947          Ram Pratap Singh                   (d. af.1970)


Bariya (Baria)

[Baria (Bariya)]

c.1524                     Bariya state founded.

Rajas
.... - 1720                Mansimhji
1720 - 1732                Interregnum
1732 - 17..                Prithiraj
.... - ....                Rayadharji
.... - ....                Gangdasji
.... - ....                Gambhirsimhji
.... - ....                Dhiratsimhji
.... - ....                Sahibsimhji
1803?                      Jashwantsimhji
18.. - Aug 1819            Ganga Das                          (d. 1819)
1819 - 1820                Bhimsimhji Ganga Das
1820 - 1864                Prithirajji Ganga Das              (d. 1864)
Rulers (title Maharawal)
 5 Mar 1864 - 25 Feb 1908  Mansimhji Prithirajji              (b. 1855 - d. 1908)
25 Feb 1908 - 15 Aug 1947  Ranjitsimhji Mansimhji             (b. 1886 - d. 1949)


Baroda

[Baroda]
[Baroda c.1875 - 1936  Maharaja's flag]

           c.1875 – 1936  Maharaja’s flag
[Baroda 1936 - 1947  Maharaja's flag]
           1936 – 1947  Maharaja’s flag
[Baroda Merchant Flag 1921-1947]         2 Aug 1921 – 15 Aug 1947  Merchant Flag
Map of Baroda Capital: Baroda Population: N/A

Apr 1721                   Baroda state founded by Mahratta general.
1780                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharaja Gaekwar)
Apr 1721 - 14 May 1732     Pilaji Rao Gaekwar                 (d. 1732)
14 May 1732 - 18 Aug 1768  Damaji Rao II Gaekwar              (d. 1768)
18 Aug 1768 - 1771         Govind Rao Gaekwar (1st time)      (d. 1778)
1771 - 1774                Sayaji Rao I Gaekwar (1st time)
1771 - 1774                Fateh Singh I Rao Gaekwar -Regent  (d. 1789)
                             (1st time)
1774 - 1778                Govind Rao Gaekwar (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1778 - 1792                Sayaji Rao I Gaekwar (2nd time)
1778 - 1779                Fateh Singh I Rao Gaekwar -Regent  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1779 - 1792                Manaji Rao Gaekwar -Regent         (d. 1793)
1792 - 27 Jul 1793         Manaji Rao Gaekwar                 (s.a.)
27 Jul 1793 - 19 Sep 1800  Govind Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 17.. - d. 1800)
19 Sep 1800 -  2 Oct 1819  Anand Rao Gaekwar                  (b. 17.. - d. 1819)
19 Sep 1800 - 23 Jun 1818  Fateh Singh II Rao Gaekwar -Regent (b. 1769 - d. 1818)
23 Jun 1818 -  2 Oct 1819  Sayaji Rao Gaekwar -Regent         (b. 1800 - d. 1847)
 2 Oct 1819 - 28 Dec 1847  Sayaji Rao II Gaekwar              (s.a.)
28 Dec 1847 - 19 Nov 1856  Ganpat Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 1816 - d. 1856)
19 Nov 1856 - 28 Nov 1870  Khande Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 1828 - d. 1870)
28 Nov 1870 - 19 Apr 1875  Malhar Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 1831 - d. 1882)
                             (regent to 5 Jul 1871; suspended from 13 Jan 1875)
19 Apr 1875 - 25 May 1875  Madhav Rao Tanjochkar
                             (chairman regency council)
25 May 1875 -  6 Feb 1939  Sayaji Rao III Gaekwar             (b. 1863 - d. 1939)
25 May 1875 - 28 Dec 1881  Jamna Bai Sahib Gaekwar (f)-Regent (b. 1853 - d. 1898)
 6 Feb 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwar           (b. 1908 - d. 1968)

Dewans 
1743 - 17..                Diwanji Takapir
+ Mahadaji Govind Kakirde
17.. - 17..                Madhav Nimbaji Vanikar
17.. - 17..                Ramchandra Basvant
17.. - 17..                Balaji Yamaji
(acting for 
Basvant)
17.. - 17..                Gopal Naik Tambekar
c.1777                     Antaji Ganesh
17.. - 1780                Govind Pandit
17.. - 17..                Hiramand (acting)
17.. - 17..                Baloba
17.. - 17..                Gumaji Patel
c.1787                     Ramchandra Bhaskar

Dec 1793 - 20 Sep 1800     
Raoji Appaji (1st time)
1800 - 1820
                Vithalrao Devaji (Dewan of Kathiawar)
jointly with following -
20 Sep 1800 - 27 Jan 1801  Shrimant Sardar Khanjirao
                             Maharaja Sahib Gaekwar
27 Jan 1801 - 18 Jul 1803  Raoji Appaji (2nd time)
1803 - 1807                Sitaram Raoji
1807 - Nov 1810            Babaji Rao
1810 - 1812                Vithalrao Bhau (1st time)
                             (Vithal Rao Bhau)
1812 - 14 Jul 1815         Gangadhar Shastri                   (d. 1815)
Jul 1815 - Oct 1819        Bhimashankar
12 Oct 1819 - Jan 1820     Dhakji Dadaji
Jan? 1820 - 1828           Vithalrao Bhau
 (2nd time)
+ Vithalrao Devaji 

1828 - 1829                Veniram Aditram
+ Prabhaka Dikshit
1829 - 1833                Gopal Atmaram Devadar
1833 - 28 Nov 1839         Veniram Aditram

1839 - 1848                Vacant
1848 - 1849                Balasaheb Dhaibar
1849 - 1854                Bhau Tambekar
1854 - 10 Nov 1867         
Govindrav Pandurang Rode
                           + Ganesh Sadashiv Ojhe (to Mar 1861)
17 Nov 1867 - 24 Nov 1869  Bhau Shinde
25 Nov 1869 - Nov 1870     Nimbaji Rao Dhole 
(or Davale)
(acting)
Nov 1870 - Mar 1871        Hariba Gaikvad
22 Mar 1871 - 1872         Gopal Rav Mairal                   (d. 1872)

Nov 1872? - Mar 1873?      Balvantrav Khanvelkar (Balwant Rao)
1873 - 1874                
Shahabuddin Kazi                   (b. 1832 - d. 1900)
4 Aug 1874 - Jan 1875     Dadabhai Naoroji                   (b. 1825 – d. 1917)

10 May 1875 - 1882         Sir Madhava Rao                    (b. 1828 - d. 1891)
29 Sep 1882 - 31 Jul 1886  Khan Bahadur Kazi Shahabuddin
1 Aug 1886 - 30 May 1890  
Bahadur Lakshman Jagannath Vaidya
31 May 1890 - 21 Nov 1895  
Manibhai Jasbhai
15 Jul 1896 -  2 Oct 1901  S. Srinivasa Raghava Iyengar       (b. 18.. - d. 1903)
3 Oct 1901 - 30 Jun 1904 
 R.V. Dhamnaskar
1 Jul 1904 - 28 Feb 1909  
Kersaspji Rustamji Dadachanji
 1 Jun 1909 - 30 Nov 1909  Shri Romesh Chunder Dutt
 1 Dec 1909 -  3 Jan 1912  V.P. Madhava Rao                   (b. 1850 - d. 1930) 
 1 Dec 1912 - 16 Mar 1914  Bihari Lal Gupta                   (b. 1849 - d. 1916)
17 Mar 1914 -  7 May 1916  Vishwanath Patankar Madhava Rao    (b. 1850 - d. 1934)
 9 May 1916 - 1927         Manubhai Nandshankar Mehta         (b. 1868 - d. 1946)
1927 - 1945                Vangal Thiruvenkatachari           (b. 1881 - d. 1946)
Krishnamachari 

Jan 1945 - 1947            Brojendra Lal Mitter               (b. 1875 - d. 1950)
1947                       Jivraj N. Mehta                    (b. 1887 - d. 1977) 
British Residents
11 Jul 1802 - 1809         Alexander Walker (1st time)
1809 - 1810                James Rivett-Carnac (1st time)     (b. 1785 - d. 1846)
                              (acting)
1810       
                Alexander Walker (2nd time)
1810 - May 1820            James Rivett-Carnac (2nd time)     (s.a.) 
May 1820                   C. Norris (acting)

May 1820 - Nov 1837        James Williams
Nov 1837 - Jun 1840        James Sutherland
26 Jun 1840 - Jul/Aug 1844 William Sprot Boyd                 (b. 1799 - d. 1845)
Aug 1844 - Jul 1845        T. Ogilvie (acting)
Jul 1845 - Apr 1846        Robert Keith Arbuthnot             (b. 1801 - d. 1873)
Apr 1846 - May 1847        William Charles Andrews (acting)
May 1847 - Oct 1848        James Outram (1st time)            (b. 1803 - d. 1863)
Oct 1848 - May 1850        Patrick Theodor French (acting)
May 1850 - Jan 1852        James Outram (2nd time)            (s.a.)
Jan 1852 - Jun 1853        J.M. Davies
Jun 1853 - Mar 1854        G.B. Seton Karr (acting)
Mar 1854 - May 1854        James Outram (3rd time)            (s.a.)
May 1854 - Nov 1855        D.A. Malcolm 

Feb 1856 - Mar 1857        Cuthbert Davidson                  (b. 1810 - d. 1862)
Mar 1857 - May 1859        Sir Richmond Campbell Shakespear   (b. 1812 - d. 1861)
Aug 1859 - Jan 1866        R. Wallace
Jan 1866 - May 1867        J.T. Barr
 (1st time)
May 1867 - Nov 1867        E.P. Arthur (acting)
Nov 1867 - Apr 1872        J.T. Barr (2nd time)
Apr 1872 - Mar 1873        A.G. Shortt (acting)

Mar 1873 - Dec 1874        Robert Phayre                      (b. 1820 - d. 1897)
Dec 1874 - Apr 1875        Lewis Pelley                       (b. 1825 - d. 1892)
18 Apr 1875 - Nov 1875     R
ichard John Meade                 (b. 1821 - d. 1899)
Agents
16 Nov 1875 -  2 Apr 1881  Philipp Sandys Melvill (1st time)  (b. 1827 - d. 19..)

 2 Apr 1881 - 10 Apr 1881  J.H. Seller (acting)
11 Apr 1881 -  1 Jul 1881  W.G. Waterfield (acting)
2 Jul 1881 -  2 Jan 1881
  Philipp Sandys Melvill (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 3 Jan 1882 - 15 Sep 1883  John Watson (1st time)
16 Sep 1883 - 15 Nov 1883  Freeman Henry Jackson 
(1st time)
(acting)
16 Nov 1883 - 26 Aug 1885
  John Watson (2nd time) 
27 Aug 1885 - 24 Oct 1885  C.K.M. Walter (acting)
25 Oct 1885 -  3 Mar 1886
  John Watson (3rd time)
 4 Mar 1886 -  4 Nov 1886  Freeman Henry Jackson (2nd time)
(acting)

 4 Dec 1886 -  7 Jul 1886  James Cavan Berkeley (1st time)
 8 Jul 1886 - 10 Jul 1886  Freeman Henry Jackson (3rd time)
(acting)

10 Aug 1886 - 29 Dec 1887  James Cavan Berkeley (2nd time)
30 Dec 1887 -  1 Oct 1888  Sir Oliver Beauchamp Coventry      (b. 1837 - d. 1891)
                             St. John
 2 Oct 1888 - 17 Jan 1889  Freeman Henry Jackson (4th time)
(acting)

18 Jan 1889 - 26 Mar 1889  Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast  (b. 1834 - d. 1913) 
(1st time)
27 Mar 1889 - 22 Oct 1889
  Freeman Henry Jackson (5th time)
(acting)

23 Oct 1889 - Apr 1890     Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast  (s.a.) 
(2nd time)

Apr 1890 - Jul 1890        Freeman Henry Jackson (6th time)
(acting)

Jul 1890 -  6 Feb 1891     Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast  (s.a.) 
(3rd time)

 6 Mar 1891 -  4 Jan 1893  Edward Swalman Reynolds
11 Jan 1893 - 27 Apr 1893  John Biddulph (1st time)           (b. 1840 - d. 1922)
27 Apr 1893 - 27 Jul 1893  P.W. Snell (acting)
28 Jul 1893 - 24 Feb 1895
  John Biddulph (2nd time)           (s.a.)
25 Feb 1895 - 23 Jul 1896  Norton Charles Martelli (1st time)
24 Jul 1896 - Oct 1896     P.Z. Cox (acting)
Oct 1896 - 1899
            Norton Charles Martelli (2nd time) 
Residents
30 Aug 1899 - 13 Mar 1901  Charles Withers Ravenshaw          (b. 1835 - d. 1935)
14 Mar 1901 -  9 Oct 1901  W.H.M. Stewart (acting)
 4 Nov 1901 -  2 May 1902  Malcolm John Meade (1st time)      (b. 1854 - d. 1933)
 3 May 1902 -  3 Nov 1902  H.C.J. Carnegy (acting)
 4 Nov 1902 - 30 Mar 1906  Malcolm John Meade (2nd time)      (s.a.)
31 Mar 1906 - 13 Apr 1906  H. Harrison (acting)
14 Apr 1906 - 11 Dec 1906  C.H. Pritchard (acting)
12 Dec 1906 -  3 Sep 1908
  Malcolm John Meade (3rd time)      (s.a.)
 4 Sep 1908 - 29 Oct 1908  R.S. Pottinger (acting)
30 Oct 1908 - 18 Feb 1909  Malcolm John Meade (4th time)      (s.a.)
19 Feb 1909 - 30 Sep 1910  O.V. Bossaquet (acting)
 1 Oct 1910 -  1 May 1912  Henry Venn Cobb                    (b. 1864 - d. 1949) 
5 May 1912 - 13 Mar 1914  Lawrence Impey (1st time)          (b. 1862 - d. 1944)

(acting to 17 May 1913)
14 Mar 1914 - 11 Apr 1914  W.M.P. Wood (acting)
12 Apr 1914 - 14 Dec 1914  W.E. Jardine (acting)
15 Dec 1914 -  3 Mar 1917
  Lawrence Impey (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 4 Mar 1917 - 16 Feb 1918  F.W.P. Macdonald (acting)
17 Feb 1918 - 23 Mar 1918  Kenneth Samuel Fitze
 (acting)      (b. 1887 - d. 1960)
23 Mar 1918 -  7 Apr 1919  Charles Lennox Russell
                             (acting to 19 Apr 1918)
8 Apr 1919 -  5 May 1919  T.B. Russell (acting)
6 May 1919 - 28 May 1919  
William Pell Barton (1st time)     (b. 1871 - d. 1956)
 1 Jun 1919 -  9 Sep 1919  W.H. Wilkinson (acting)
10 Sep 1919 -  2 Feb 1920  William Pell Barton (2nd time)     (s.a.) 
 3 Feb 1920 - 30 Oct 1920  Charles Joseph Windham             (b. 1867 - d. 1941)
31 Oct 1920 - 21 Jul 1921  Denys B. Blakeway                  (b. 1870 - d. 19..) 
22 Jul 1921 - 12 Dec 1922  L.M. Crump (acting)
13 Dec 1922 - 1923         Reginald I.R. Glancy

1923 - 1927                Herbert Kealy
1927 - 1929                Richard J.C. Burke
1930 - 1932                Frederick M. Bailey
1932 - 1933                Arthur Cunningham Lothian          (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
1933 - 1937                James Leslie Rose Weir             (b. 1883 - d. 19..)
1933 - 1939?               Elliott James Dowell Colvin        (b. 1885 - d. 1950)
1939 - 1940                Clive K. Daly 

1940 - 1942                Cosmo G.N. Edwards
1943 - 1944                Lionel W. Jardine
Residents for Baroda, Western India States and Gujarat 
5 Nov 1944 -  6 May 1947  Sir Cyril P. Hancock               (b. 1896 - d. 1990)

                             (acting to 4 Jul 1945)
 7 May 1947 - 14 Aug 1947  L.G. Coke-Wallis


Barwani

[Barwani (India) state flag]

Capital: Barwani
(Sidhanagar c.1640 ….)
Population: 176,666 (1941)
141,110 (1931)

836                        Barwani state founded, originally called Avasgarh.
1861 - 1873                British India administration.

Rulers (title Rana) 
1680 - 1700                Jodh Singh                         (d. 1700)
1700                       Mohan Singh I (1st time)           (d. 1731)
1700 - 1708                Parbat Singh                       (d. 1708)

1708 - 1730                Mohan Singh I (2nd time)           (s.a.)
1730 - 1760                Anup Singh                         (d. 1760)
1760 - 1794                Umed Singh                         (d. 1794)
1794 - 1839                Mohan Singh II                     (d. 1839)
1839 - 1861                Jashwant Singh (1st time)          (d. 1880)
1839 - 1854                .... (f) -Regent
1861 - 1873                Vacant

1873 - 1880                Jashwant Singh (2nd time)          (s.a.)
15 Aug 1880 - 1894         Indrajit Singh                     (b. 1840 - d. 1894)
1880 - 1886                .... (f) -Regent
14 Dec 1894 - 21 Apr 1930  Ranjit Singh                       (b. 1888 - d. 1930)
14 Dec 1894 - 1910         Rani Dhan Kunwar Basaheba (f) -Regent
Maharana
21 Apr 1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Devi Singhji                       (b. 1922 - d. 2007)


Bashahr

1412                       Bashahr state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Ruler (title Rana)
.... - 1708                Vijay Singh
1708 - 1725                Udai Singh
1725 - 1761                Ram Singh                           (d. 1761)
1761 - 1785                Udar Singh                          (d. 1785)
1785 - 1803                Ugar Singh                          (d. 1810)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
Rajas
1815 - 1850                Mahendra Singh                      (b. 1805/09 - d. 1850)
1850 - 1887                Shamsher Singh (1st time)           (b. 1838 - d. 1914)
1887 - Feb 1898            Raghunath Singh                     (b. 1868 - d. 1898)
1898 -  5 Aug 1914         Shamsher Singh (2nd time)           (s.a.)
1914 - Nov 1917            A.A. McMitchell -Manager
5 Aug 1914 - Apr 1947     Padam Singh                         (b. 1873 - d. 1947)
(recognized by British from 30 Nov 1917)
Apr 1947 - 15 Aug 1947     Virbhadra Singh
                     (b. 1934)


Basoda

1753                       Basoda state founded as a vassal state of Gwalior.
1817 - 1822                Occupied by Gwalior.
1822                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1753 - 1786                Ahsan Allah Khan                    (d. 1786)
1786 - 1800                Baqa´ Allah Khan
1800 - 1817                Asad `Ali Khan (1st time) 
1822 - 1864                Asad `Ali Khan (2nd time) 
 6 Feb 1864 - 1896         `Omar `Ali Khan                     (b. c.1830 - d. ....)
12 Jun 1896 -  2 Jul 1929  Haydar `Ali Khan                    (b. 1854 - d. 19..)
1929 - 15 Aug 1947         Mohammad Ayyub `Ali Khan



Basohli

c.750 AD                   Basohli state founded.
1836                       Incorporated into Jammu.

Rulers (title Raja)
1693 - 1725                Diraj Pal                           (d. 1725)
1725 - 1736                Medini Pal                          (b. 1717? - d. 1736)
1736 - 1757                Ajit Pal                            (d. 1757)
1757 - 1776                Amrit Pal                           (b. 1745 - d. 1776)
1776 - 1806                Vijay Pal                           (b. 1763 - d. 1806)
1806 - 1813                Mahendra Pal                        (d. 1813)
1813 - Nov 1834            Bhupendra Pal                       (b. c.1806 - d. 1834)
17 Dec 1834 - 1836         Kalyan Pal                          (b. 1834 - d. 1857) 


Bastar

[Bastar]

1324                       Bastar state founded.

Rajas
1680 - 1709                Digpal Deo
1709 - 1721                Rajpal Deo
1721 - 1731                Mama
1731 - 1774                Dalpat Deo
1774                       Daryao Deo (1st time)
1774 - 1777                Ajmar Singh Deo
1777 - bf.1819             Daryao Deo (2nd time)
1819?                      Mahipal Deo
1830 - 1853                Bhopal Deo
27 Aug 1853 - 20 Jul 1891  Bhairam Deo                        (b. 1839 - d. 1891) 
20 Jul 1891 - 1921         Rudra Pratap Deo                   (b. 1885 - d. 1921)
23 Nov 1922 - 28 Feb 1936  Prafulla Kumari Devi (f) -Rani     (b. 1910 - d. 1936)
Maharaja
28 Oct 1936 - 15 Aug 1947  Pravir Chandra Bhanj Deo           (b. 1929 - d. 1966)

Diwans
1842 - 1862                Lal Dalganjan Singh                (d. 1863)
1862 - 1867                Moti Singh
1867 - 1881?               Gopinath Kapardas

1881 - 1886                Kalendra Singh
1886 - 1888                Krishna Rao
1888 - Mar 1890            Ganpat Rao Gokle
1890 - 1891                Gopinath Guru                      (d. 1891)

Superintendents
1891 - 1893                
Rama Krishna Rao
1893 - 1896                Pandit Alamchand
1896 - 1899                L.J. Fagan (administrator)
Mar 1899 - Jul 1903        G.W. Gayer (administrator)
1903 - 1908                R.B. Panda Baijnath
Diwan
1908 - 1910                R.B. Panda Baijnath
1913 - 1917                Frederick James Langhorne          (d. 1936)
1917 - 1927                ....
1927 - 1931                W.V. Grigson
1931 - 1934                D.R. Rutnam
1934 - Mar 1940            Edgar Stanley Hyde
Apr 1940 - 1942            A. Norval Mitchell


Baudh

[Baudh (India) state flag]

21 May 1874                Baudh estate becomes a state.

Rajas
21 May 1874 - 1879         Pitambar Deo                       (b. 1821 - d. 1879)
 5 Oct 1879 - 10 Mar 1913  Jogendra Deo                       (b. c.1857 - d. 1913)
10 Mar 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Narayan Prasad Deo                 (b. 1904 - d. bf.1971)


Bayar: see Idar


Benares: see Banaras 


Bengal: see Bangladesh



Beri-Bundelkhand

[Beri-Bundelkhand]

Rulers (title Diwan)
1753 - 17..                Achharaj Singh
17.. - 1780                Kuman Singh                         (d. 1780) 
Rulers (title Rao) 
1780 - 1814                Jugal Prasad Singh

1814 - 1857                Pheran Singh
1857 - 1861                Vishvanath Singh                    (d. 1861)
18 Mar 1862 - 1880         Vijay Singh                         (b. 1848 - d. ....)
1880 - 1904                Raghuraj Singh
 8 Jun 1904 - 1945         Lokendra Singh                      (b. 1891 - d. 19..)
Raja
1945 - 1947                Yadvendra Singh                     (b. 1918 - d. 1984)


Bhadrawa (Bhadrawah)

1483                       Bhadrawa founded possibly as a jagir, later becoming a state.
Jun 1821                   Annexed to Chamba.
16 Mar 1846                Annexed to Jammu and Kashmir.

Rajas
1691 - 1707                Abhaya Pal              (d. 1707)
1707 - 1735                Medini Pal
1735 - 1770                Sampat Pal              (b. 1710 - d. 1770)
1770 - 1790                Fateh Pal               (b. 1732 - d. 1790)
1790 - 1794                Daya Pal (1st time)     (b. 1756 - d. 1810)
1794 - ....                Bhup Chand
.... - 1810
                Daya Pal (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1810 - Jun 1821            Pahar Chand             (b. 1789 - d. 18..)


Bhajji

bf.1800                    Bhajji state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - ....                Amrit Pal
.... - 1803                Rudra Pal (1st time)               (d. 1842)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1842                Rudra Pal (2nd time)               (s.a.)
1842 - 1875                Ran Bahadur Singh                  (b. c.1824 - d. 1875)
18 Nov 1875 - 1913         Durga Singh                        (b. 1842 - d. 1913)
 9 May 1913 - 1940         Bir Pal                            (b. 1906 - d. 1961)
 8 Sep 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Ram Chandra Pal Singh              (b. 1928)


Bharatpur

[Bharatpur 1880-c.1943]
                    1880 – c.1943
[Bharatpur c.1943-1948]
                  c.1943 – 1947

1752                       Bharatpur founded and becomes name of state.
18 Jan 1828                British protectorate.

Ruler (title Brijraj)
1752 -  7 Jun 1756         Badan Singh                        (d. 1756)
Maharajas (title Maharaja Brajendra
7 Jun 1756 - 25 Dec 1763  Suraj Mal                          (b. 1707 - d. 1763)
25 Dec 1763 - 27 Aug 1768  Jawahir Singh                      (d. 1768)
27 Aug 1768 - 11 Apr 1769  Ratan Singh                        (d. 1769) 
22 Aug 1768 - 11 Apr 1769  Dan Shahi -Regent
11 Apr 1769 - 28 Mar 1778  Keshri Singh                       (b. 1766 - d. 1778)
11 Apr 1769 - 11 Aug 1775  Nihal Singh -Regent                (b. 17.. - d. 1775)
11 Aug 1775 - 28 Mar 1778  Ranjit Singh -Regent               (d. 1805)
28 Mar 1778 -  6 Dec 1805  Ranjit Singh                       (s.a.)
 6 Dec 1805 -  7 Oct 1823  Randhir Singh                      (d. 1823)
 7 Oct 1823 - 26 Feb 1825  Baldeo Singh                       (d. 1825)
26 Feb 1825 - 28 Mar 1825  Balwant Singh (1st time)           (b. 1819 - d. 1853)
28 Mar 1825 - 19 Jan 1826  Durjan Sal (usurper)
19 Jan 1826 - 21 Mar 1853  Balwant Singh (2nd time)           (s.a.)
19 Jan 1826 - 1835         Gangawaue Miraj Kaur (f) -Regent
21 Mar 1853 - 12 Dec 1893  Jashwant Singh                     (b. 1851 - d. 1893)
21 Mar 1853 - 10 Jun 1869  .... -Regent
12 Dec 1893 - 27 Aug 1900  Ram Singh                          (b. 1873 - d. 1929)

                             (suspended from 10 Aug 1900)
27 Aug 1900 - 27 Mar 1929  Kishen Singh                       (b. 1899 - d. 1929)

27 Aug 1900 - 28 Nov 1918  Bibiji Girraj Kaur (f) -Regent     (b. 18.. - d. 1922)
27 Mar 1929 - 15 Aug 1947  Brijendra Singh                    (b. 1918 - d. 1995)
27 Mar 1929 - 22 Oct 1939  .... -Regent


Bhavnagar

[Bhavnagar]
                        to 1947
[Bhavnagar Merchant flag 1921-1947]
         2 Aug 1921 – 15 Aug 1947  Merchant Flag

1240                       Predecessor state of Sejakpur founded.
1309                       Umrala state.
1570                       Sihor state.
1723                       Bhavnagar founded and becomes name of state.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1660 - 1703                Ratanji II                         (d. 1703)
1703 - 1764                Bhavsinhji I Ratanji               (b. 1683 - d. 1764)
1764 - 1772                Akherajji III Bhavsimhji           (b. 1714 - d. 1772)
1772 - 1816                Wakhatsimhji Akherajji             (b. 1748 - d. 1816)
1816 - 1852                Wajesimhji Wakhatsimhji            (b. 1780 - d. 1852)
1852 - 1854                Akherajji IV Bhavsimhji            (b. 1817 - d. 1854)
1854 - 11 Apr 1870         Jashwantsimhji Bhavsimhji          (b. 1827 - d. 1870)
11 Apr 1870 - 29 Jan 1896  Takhatsimhji Jashwantsimhji        (b. 1858 - d. 1896)
11 Apr 1870 -  5 Apr 1878  .... -Regent
29 Jan 1896 -  1 Jan 1918  Bhavsimhji II Takhatsimhji         (b. 1875 - d. 1919)

                             (personal style Maharaja Rao from 1 Jan 1909)
Rulers (title Maharaja Rao)
 1 Jan 1918 - 16 Jul 1919  Bhavsimhji II Takhatsimhji         (s.a.)
16 Jul 1919 - 15 Aug 1947  Krishnakumarsimhji Bhavsimhji      (b. 1912 - d. 1965)
16 Jul 1919 - 18 Apr 1931  .... -Regents

Diwans
1846 - 1879                Gaurishankar Udayashankar          (b. 1805 - d. 1891)
1902 - 19..                Sir Pattani Prabhashankar Dalpatram
(b. 1862 - d. 1938)
1937 - Jan 1948            Anantrai Prabhashankar Pattani 


Bhopal

[Bhopal]

Map of Bhopal Capital: Bhopal Population: 729,955 (1931)

1723                       Bhopal state founded
1817                       British protectorate.
26 Aug 1947                Accession to India.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1723 - Mar 1728            Dost Mohammad Khan                 (b. 1672 - d. 1728)
Mar 1728 - 1742            Soltan Mohammad Khan               (b. 1720 - d. ....)
Mar 1728 - 30 Aug 1728     Sardar Aqil Muhammad Khan -Regent 
30 Aug 1728 - 1742         Yar Mohammad Khan -Regent          (b. 1709 - d. 1742)
1742 - 12 Dec 1777         Fayz Mohammad Khan                 (b. 1731 - d. 1777)
12 Dec 1777 - 30 Dec 1807  Hayat Mohammad Khan                (b. 1736 - d. 1807)
30 Dec 1807 - 28 Aug 1826  Ghows Mohammad Khan                (b. 1767 - d. 1826)
30 Dec 1807 - 16 Mar 1816  Wazir al-Molk Wazir Mohammad       (b. 1765 - d. 1816)
                             Khan -Regent
17 Mar 1816 - 11 Nov 1819  Naser al-Dowla Naser Mohammad      (b. c.1798 - d. 1819)
                             Khan -Regent
11 Nov 1819 - 30 Nov 1837  Qodsiyya Begam (f) -Regent         (b. 1801 - d. 1881)
28 Aug 1826 - 30 Nov 1837  Mo'izz Mohammad Khan               (b. bf.1808 - d. 1869)
30 Nov 1837 -  9 Dec 1844  Jahangir Mohammad Khan             (b. 1816 - d. 1844)
Nawab Begam
 9 Dec 1844 - 30 Apr 1860  Soltan Shah Jahan Begam (f)        (b. 1838 - d. 1901)
                             (1st time)               
 9 Dec 1844 -  3 Jan 1847  Fawdjar Mohammad Khan -Regent      (b. 1811 - d. af.1847)
 3 Jan 1847 - 30 Apr 1860  Sikander Begam (f) -Regent         (b. 1818 - d. 1868)
30 Apr 1860 - 30 Oct 1868  Sikander Begam (f)                 (s.a.)
30 Oct 1868 - 16 Jun 1901  Soltan Shah Jahan Begam (f)        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)              
16 Jun 1901 - 29 Apr 1926  Soltan Kaykhosrow Jahan Begam (f)  (b. 1858 - d. 1930)
Nawab
29 Apr 1926 - 26 Aug 1947  Mohammad Hamidollah Khan Iskandar
                             Sowlat Iftikhar al-Molk Bahadur  (b. 1894 - d. 1960)

British Political Agents 
1818 - 24 Jun 1824         William Henley                     (d. 1824)
1824 - 1828                Thomas Herbert Maddock             (b. 1790 - d. 1870)
1828 - 1834                Nathaniel Alves
1834 - 1841                Lancelot Wilkinson                 (d. 1841)
1841 -  9 Dec 1845         Henry Willoughby Trevelyan         (b. 1803 - d. 1876)
1845 - 1846                William Frederick Eden (1st time)  (b. 1814 - d. 1867)
(acting)
1846 - 1849                Joseph Davey Cunningham            (b. 1812 - d. 1851)
1849 - 1853                Henry Marion Durand                (b. 1812 - d. 1871)
1853 - 1854                Samuel Charteris MacPherson        (b. 1806 - d. 1860)
1854 - Aug 1856            William Frederick Eden (2nd time)  (s.a.)
Aug 1856 - 1858            William Henry Rickards
1858 - 1860?               A.R.E. Hutchinson
1860 - 1862?               A.L. MacMullen
1862 - 1874                John William Willoughby Osborne    (b. 1833 - d. 1881)
(1st time)
1869 - 1870                Edward Thompson (acting)
1870                       Ousely (acting)
Feb 1874 - Oct 1875        Henry Clement Barstow (acting)     (b. 1838 - d. 1922)
1875 - 1876                John William Willoughby Osborne    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Aug 1876 - Jul 1878        William Kincaid
1878 - 1879                John William Willoughby Osborne    (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
Mar 1879 - Nov 1880        William Francis Prideaux           (b. 1840 - d. 1914)
1880 - 1881                Patrick Wilson Bannerman           (b. 1833 - d. 1912)
Jun 1881 - 1887            Malcolm J. Meade (1st time)        (b. 1854 - d. 1933)
Feb - May 1885             Donald Robertson (acting)
Mar 1887 - 1890            Henry Wylie                        (b. 1844 - d. 1918)
Jul 1890 - 1891            Arthur Henry Temple Martindale     (b. 1854 - d. 1942)
Dec 1891 - 1897            Malcolm J. Meade (2nd time)        (s.a.)
May - Jun 1895             Lawrence Impey (1st time)(acting)
May 1897 - 1900            Lindsay Sherwood Newmarch          (b. 1857 - d. 1930)
1899 - 1900                Oswald Vivian Bosanquet (acting)   (b. 1866 - d. 1933)
Dec 1900 - Mar 1902        John Lang
Mar 1902 - Jun 1904        Lawrence Impey (2nd time)
Jun 1904 - 1905            John Manners-Smith
Mar 1905 - 1906?           Charles Hamerton Pritchard
1906 - 1911?               Steuart Farqharson Bayley         (b. 1863 - d. 1938)
(1st time)
1911 - 1912                P.T.A. Spence
Mar 1912 - Jul 1920        William Stewart Davis             (b. 1865 - d. 19..)
1913 - 1914                Steuart Farqharson Bayley         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)(acting)
1918 - 1919                C.A. Smidt (acting)
1920 - 1921                C.B. McConaghy (acting)
Apr 1921 - 1923            Charles Eckford Luard             (b. 1869 - d. 1927)
1922                       H.B.N. Pritchard (acting?)
1923 - 1924                L.M. Crump
1924 - 1925                Arthur Roylance Jelf
1925 - 1926                Cecil Hamilton Gabriel            (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
1926 - 1929?               Walter Gordon Neale               (b. 1880 - d. 19..)
1929                       W.J. Simpson (acting)
1929 - 1930                L.G.L. Evans
1930 - 1931                Duncan Mackenzie
1931 - 1932                Reginald Graham Hinde             (b. 1887 - d. 1971)
1932 - 1933                L.E. Lang
1933 - 1939?               James Ferguson Dyer
1934                       H.W.C. Robson (acting?)
1939 - 1940                Philip Gaisford                   (b. 1891 - d. 1973)
1940                       Leonard Coke Wallis               (b. 1900 - d. 1974)
1940 - 1942                Cosmo Grant Niven Edwards         (b. 1896 - d. 1964)
1942 - 1944?               George Arthur Falconer            (b. 1894 - d. 1981)
1943 - 1944                Cecil Walter Lewery Harvey
1945 - 1947                Basil Woods-Ballard
1947 - Aug 1947            Edward Gains Davy
(to 1949 as political advisor to 
Nawab)      


Bhor

[Bhor]

1697                       Bhor state founded.

Rulers (title Pant Sachiv)
1697 - 1707                Shankarji Narayan                  (d. 1707) 
1707 - Mar 1737            Naro                               (d. 1737)
1737 - 1757                Chimnaji I                         (d. 1757) 
1757 - 1787                Sadasiv Rao                        (d. 1787)
1787 - 1791                Raghunath Rao I                    (d. 1791)
1797 - 1798                Shankr Rao I                       (d. 1798)
1798 - 1827                Chimnaji Rao II                    (d. 1827) 
1827 - 1837                Raghunath Rao II Chimnaji Rao      (d. 1837)
1837 - 12 Feb 1871         Chimnaji Rao III Raghunath Rao     (d. 1871)
12 Feb 1871 - 17 Jul 1922  Shankr Rao II Chimnaji Rao         (b. 1854 - d. 1922)
1922 - Jun 1936            Raghunath Rao III Shankar Rao      (b. 1878 - d. 1951)
                             "Baba Sahib"
Raja
Jun 1936 - 15 Aug 1947     Raghunath Rao Shankar Rao          (s.a.)
                             "Baba Sahib"


Bhutan (Bhootan): see Bhutan


Bihar see: Koch Bihar


Bija

bf.1803                    Bija state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1815 - 1817                Man Chand
1817 - 1841                Pratap Chand
1841 - 1905                Udai Chand                         (b. 1829 - d. 19..)
1905 - 15 Aug 1947         Puran Chand


Bijawar

1765                       Bijawar state founded.

Rajas
1765 - 1793                Bir Singh Deo                      (d. 1793)
1793 - 1802                Himmat Bahadur
1802 - Dec 1810            Keshri Singh                       (d. 1810)
1811 - 17 Dec 1833         Ratan Singh                        (d. 1833)
1833 - 1847                Lakshman Singh
23 Nov 1847 - 1866         Bham Pratap Singh                  (b. 1842 - d. 1899)
Maharajas (title from 1877 Sawai Maharaja)
1866 - 15 Sep 1899         Bham Pratap Singh                  (s.a.)
15 Sep 1899 - 30 Oct 1940  Savant Singh                       (b. 1877 - d. 1940)
30 Oct 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Govind Singh                       (b. 1934 - d. 1983) 


Bikanir (Bikaner)

[Bikanir (Bikaner)]

1465                       Bikanir state founded.
 9 Mar 1818                British protectorate.

Maharajas (title Maharajadhiraj Narendra Maharaja
19 Jun 1698 - 15 Dec 1700  Sarup Singh                        (b. 1689 - d. 1700)
15 Dec 1700 - 16 Dec 1735  Sujan Singh                        (b. 1690 - d. 1735)
16 Dec 1735 - 15 May 1746  Zorawar Singh                      (b. 1713 - d. 1746)
15 May 1746 - 25 Mar 1787  Gaj Singh                          (b. 1723 - d. 1787)
25 Mar 1787 - 25 Apr 1787  Raj Singh II                       (b. 1744 - d. 1787)
25 Apr 1787 -  9 Oct 1787  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1781 - d. 1787)
25 Apr 1787 - 25 Mar 1828  Surat Singh (Regent to 9 Oct 1787) (b. 1766 - d. 1828)
25 Mar 1828 -  7 Aug 1851  Ratan Singh                        (b. 1790 - d. 1851)
 7 Aug 1851 - 16 May 1872  Sardar Singh                       (b. 1818 - d. 1872)
16 May 1872 - 19 Aug 1887  Dungar Singh                       (b. 1854 - d. 1887)
19 Aug 1887 -  2 Feb 1943  Ganga Singh                        (b. 1880 - d. 1943)
19 Aug 1887 - 16 Dec 1898  British Political Agent -Regent
2 Feb 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Sadul Singh                        (b. 1902 - d. 1950)

Prime Ministers (Dewans)
1898 - ....                Amir Mohammad Khan
1916 - 19..                Shri Bhairon Singh
1920 - 1925                Kunwar Sardul Singh
1927 - 1934                Manubhai Nandshankar Mehta         (b. 1868 - d. 1946)

1939 - 1948                Kavalam Madhava Panikkar           (b. 1895 - d. 1963)


Bilaspur

[Bilaspur]

c.697                      Kahlur state (later called Bilaspur) founded.

Rajas
1665 - 1712                Bhim Chand                         (b. c.1651 - d. c.1712)
1712 - 1741                Ajmer Chand                        (d. 1741)
1741 - 1778                Devi Chand                         (d. 1778)
1778 - 1824                Mohan Chand                        (b. 1772 - d. 1824)
1824 - 29 Mar 1839         Kharak Chand                       (b. 1813 - d. 1839)
Apr 1839 - 1850            Jagat Chand                        (d. 1857)
1850 - Jan 1883            Hira Chand                         (b. 1835 - d. 1883)
Jan 1883 -  3 Feb 1889     Amar Chand                         (b. 1854 - d. 1889)
 3 Feb 1889 - 18 Feb 1927  Bijai Chand                        (b. 1873 - d. 1931)
18 Feb 1927 - 15 Aug 1947  Tikka Anand Chand                  (b. 1913 - d. 1983)
18 Feb 1927 -  9 Jan 1933  .... -Regent


Bonai

Rajas
1804 - 1851                Dayanidhi Chandra Deo
1851 - 1876                Chandra Deo
12 Sep 1876 - 1898         Indra Deo                          (b. c.1836 - d. 1898)
1898 - 1902                Nilambar Chandra Deo               (d. 1902)
19 Feb 1902 - 1947?        Dharani Dhar Deo                   (b. 1884 - d. 19..) 


Bundi

 

[Bundi (Indian Princely State) state flag]                            to 1947 State flag [Bundi (Indian Princely State) royal flag]                       18.. – 1947  Royal flag

1342                       Bundi state founded.
10 Feb 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rao Raja, from 1821 Maharao Raja)
1696 - 1735                Budh Singh                         (d. 1739)
1735 - 1749                Dalel Singh
1749 - 1770                Umaid Singh (1st time)             (b. 1729 - d. 1804)
1770 - 1773                Ajit Singh                         (d. 1773)
1773 - 1804                Umaid Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1804 - 14 May 1821         Bishan Singh                       (d. 1821)
1821 - 28 Mar 1889         Ram Singh                          (b. 1811 - d. 1889)
1889 - 26 Jul 1927         Raghubir Singh                     (b. 1869 - d. 1927)
 8 Aug 1927 - 23 Apr 1945  Ishvari Singh                      (b. 1893 - d. 1945)
1945 - 15 Aug 1947         Bahadur Singh                      (b. 1920 - d. 1977)



Calicut (Kozhikkode)

1766                       Annexed by Mahisur (Mysore).

Rulers (title Zamorin)
1684 - 1705                Bharani Tirunal
1705 - 1711                ....
1711 - 1729                ....
1729 - 1741                Manavikrama
1741 - 1746                ....
1746 - 1758                Putiya Kovilakam
1758 - 1766                Kilakke Kovilakam


Cambay: see Kambay


Cannanore

[Cannanore 18th-19th cent.]
              18th cent. – 19th cent.
[Cannanore]
                             to  1947?

1545                       Cannanore founded.
1783                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Ali Raja/Ali Raja Bibi)
1691 - 1704                Ali Adi II
1704 - 1720                Kunhi Amsa Adee I
1720 - 1728                Mohammed Ali Adi IV
1728 - 1732                Harrabichi Kadavube Adi Bibi (f)
1732 - 1745                Junumabe Adi Bibi I (f)
1745 - 1777                Kunhi Amsa Adee II
1783 - 1819                Junumabe Adi Bibi II (f)
1819 - 1838                Mariambe Adi Bibi (f)
1838 - 1862                Hayashabe Adi Bibi (f)
1862 - 1870                Abdu Rahiman Adi I
15 Nov 1870 - 1899         Musa Ali Adi                       (b. 1830 - d. ....)
1899 - 1907                Muhammad Ali Adi V
1907 - 1911                Imbichi Bibi Adi (f)
1911 - 1921                Ahamid Ali Adi
1921 - 1931                Ayisha Bibi Adi (f)
1931 - 1946                Abdu Rahiman Ali Adi               (b. 1881 - d. 1946)
1946 - 15 Aug 1947         Mariyumma Bibi Adi (f)


Carnatic: see Arkat


Chamba

[Chamba]

c.550                      Chamba state founded.
900                        Capital moved to Chamba.
1809 - 1846                Tributary to Jammu.
9 Mar 1846                British protectorate.

Rajas (title Paramanabhattaraka Maharajadhiraja; from 1808 Raja Shri
1690 - 1720                Udai Singh                         (d. 1720) 
1720 - 1735                Ugra Singh -Regent                 (d. 1735)

1735 - 1748                Dalel Singh
1748 - 13 May 1764         Umed Singh                         (b. 1725 - d. 1764)
13 May 1764 - 1794         Raj Singh                          (b. 1755 - d. 1794)
1794 - 1808                Jit Singh                          (b. 1775 - d. 1808)
1808 - 1844                Charhat Singh                      (b. 1803 - d. 1844)
1808 - 1821                Rani Sarada Sahiba (f) -Regent
1844 -  3 Oct 1870         Sri Singh                          (b. 1839 - d. 1870)
 3 Oct 1870 - 17 Apr 1873  Gopal Singh                        (b. 1840 - d. 1895)
17 Apr 1873 - 22 Jan 1904  Sham Singh                         (b. 1866 - d. 1905)
17 Apr 1873 - 10 Nov 1884  .... -Regent
22 Jan 1904 -  6 Oct 1919  Bhuri Singh                        (b. 1869 - d. 1919)

 6 Oct 1919 -  7 Dec 1935  Ram Singh                          (b. 1890 - d. 1935)
 7 Dec 1935 - 15 Aug 1947  Lakshman Singh                     (b. 1924 - d. 1971)
7 Dec 1935 -  8 May 1945  .... -Regent



Chang Bhakar (Changbhakar)

1819                       Changbhakar estate recognized as a state. 

Rulers (title Bhaiya)
1819 - 18..                Man Singh Deo
1848 - 1865                Janjit Singh Deo
 1 Dec 1865 - 1897         Balabhadra Singh Deo               (b. c.1825 - d. ....)
1897 - 1932                Mahabir Singh Deo                  (b. 1879 - d. 1932)
1932 - 1947                Krishna Pratap Singh Deo



Chanderi 

1858                       Annexed by Gwalior.

Rulers
1646 - 1714                Debi Singh
1717 - 1733                Duraj Singh
1733 - 17..                Durjan Singh
17.. - 1760                Man Singh
1760 - 1774                Anirudh Singh
1774 - 1778                Hati Singh
1778 - 1802                Ram Chand
1802                       Parjapal
1802 - 1842                Mur Pahlad
1842 - 1858                Mardan Singh


Charkhari

[Charkhari]
c.1900 – 1947

1765                       Charkari state founded.

Rajas
1765 - 1782                Khuman Singh                       (d. 1782)
1782 - 22 Nov 1829         Vijay Bahadur Singh                (b. 17.. - d. 1829)
1829 - 1860                Ratan Singh                        (b. 1815 - d. 1860)
1860 - 1880                Jai Singh Deo                      (b. 1850 - d. 1880)
Maharajas (title Maharajadhiraj Sipahdar-ul-Mulk)
1880 -  6 Jul 1908         Malkhan Singh                      (b. 1872 - d. 1908)
 6 Jul 1908 - 1914         Jujhar Singh
1914 -  5 Oct 1920         Ganga Singh
1920 -  8 Nov 1941         Arimardan Singh                    (b. 1903 - d. 1941)
 8 Nov 1941 - 15 Aug 1947  Jagendra Singh                     (b. 1929 - d. 1977)


Chhatarpur

[Chhatarpur]

1785                       Chhatarpur state founded.

Rajas
1785 - 1816                Kunwar Sone Shah                   (d. 1816)
1816 - 1854                Pratap Singh                       (d. 1854)
                             (from 1827, Raja Bahadur)      
1854 - Nov 1867            Jaghat Singh                       (b. 1846 - d. 1867)
1867 - 1895                Vishvanath Singh                   (b. 1866 - d. 1932)
Maharajas
1895 -  5 Apr 1932         Vishvanath Singh                   (s.a.)
 5 Apr 1932 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhawani Singh                      (b. 1921 - d. 2006)


Chhaya: see Porbandar


Chhota Udaipur

[Chhota Udaipur]

1743                       Chhota Udaipur state founded.

Rulers (title Maharawal)
1743 - 17..                Pratapsinhji
1762 - 1771                Arsisinhji
1771 - 1777                Hamirsinhji II
1777 - 1822                Bhimsinhji
1822 - 1851                Gumansimhji                        (d. 1851)
1851 - 1881                Jitsimhji                          (b. 1832 - d. 1881)
 7 Jul 1881 - 1895         Motisimhji Jitsimhji               (b. 1859 - d. 1895)
1895 - 29 Aug 1923         Fatehsinhji Motisimhji             (b. 1884 - d. 1923)
29 Aug 1923 - 15 Oct 1946  Natwarsinhji Fatehsinhji           (b. 1906 - d. 1946)
15 Oct 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Virendrasinhji Natwarsinhji        (b. 1937 - d. 2005)


Chhuikadan

[Chhuikadan]

1750                       Chhuikadan state founded.

Rulers (title Mahant)
1750 - 1780                Rup Das
1780 - ....                Tulsi Das
.... - 1845                Balmakund Das
1845 - Dec 1887            Lakshman Das
13 Dec 1887 - 1896         Shyam Kishor Das                   (b. 1838 - d. 1896)
Apr 1897 - 1898            Radha Ballabh Kishor Das           (d. 1898)
1898 - 30 Sep 1903         Digvijay Yugal Kishor Das          (b. c.1883 - d. 1903)
30 Sep 1903 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhudav Kishor Das                  (b. 1891 - d. 19..)


Chitral: see Pakistani Princely States



Chuda

Rulers (title Thakur Shri)
1706 - 1747                Abhasinhji                         (d. 1747)
1747 - 1768                Raisinhji Abhasinhji               (d. 1768)
1768 - 1780                Gajsinhji Raisinhji                (d. 1780) 
1780 - 1820                Hathisinhji Gajsinhji              (d. 1820)
1820 - 1830                Abhasinhji Hathisinhji
1830 - 1854                Raisinhji Abhasinhji
27 Jul 1854 - 13 Jan 1908  Bacharsinhji Raisinhji             (b. 1840 - d. 1908)
1908 - 21 Dec 1920         Jorawarsinhji Bacharsinhji         (b. 1886 - d. 1921)
21 Dec 1920 - 1947         Bahadursinhji Jorawarsinhji        (b. 1909 - d. ....)


Cochin: see Kochin


Cooch Behar: see Koch Bihar


Coorg: see Kodagu


Cutch: see Kachh


Danta

[Danta]

Rulers (title Maharana Sri)
1687 - 1743                Prithvisimhji
1743 - 17..                Karansimhji
17.. - 17..                Ratansimhji
17.. - 1795                Abhaisimhji
1795 - 1800                Mansimhji
1800 - 1823                Jagatsimhji
1823 - 1847                Narsimhji
1847 - 1859                Jalamsimhji
1859 - 1860                Sardarsimhji
1860 - 1876                Harisimhji                         (b. 1817 - d. 1876)
 1 Dec 1876 - 1908         Jashwantsimhji Harisimhji          (b. 1850 - d. 1908)
16 Jun 1908 - 1925         Hamirsimhji                        (b. 1869 - d. 1925)
20 Nov 1925 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhavanisimhji Hamirsimhji          (b. 1899 - d. 1961)


Daphlapur

1680                       Daphlapur state
27 Jan 1917                Annexed to Jath.

Rulers (title Deshmukh)
1680 - 1703                Satvaji Rao I
1703 - 1704                Bovaji Rao
1704 - 1744                
Yesu Bai "Au Sahib" (f)            (d. 1754)
1744 - 1748                Bhurji Pandi
1748 - 1759                
Yeshwant Rao                       (d. 1759)
1759 - 1790                Amrit Rao I                        (d. 1790)
1790 - 1810                Khanji Rao                         (b. 17.. - d. 1810)
1810 - 1822                Ranibai Renukabai (f) -Regent      (d. 1822)
(administrator from 1816)
1822 - 1885                Satvaji Rao II                     (b. 1797 - d. 1885)
1885 - 13 Jan 1917         Ranibai Lakshmibai (f)             (b. 1825 - d. 1917)


Darkoti

10..                       Darkoti state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Thakur)
.... - 1787                ....
1787 - 1819                Bal Ram                            (d. 1819)

1819 - 1838                Jathu Ram                          (d. 1838)
1838 - 1854                Sutes Ram                          (d. 1854)
1854 - 1856                Paras Ram                          (d. 1856)
1856 - 1883                Ram Singh                          (b. 1815 - d. 1883)
15 Oct 1883 - 24 Sep 1918  Ram Saran Singh                    (b. 1843 - d. 1918)
24 Sep 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Raghunath Singh                    (b. 1881 - d. 1951)


Daspalla

[Daspalla]

15th cent.                 Daspalla state founded.

Rulers
1653 - 1701                Chakradhar Deo Bhanj 
1701 - 1753                Padmanav Deo Bhanj  
1753 - 1775                Trilochan Deo Bhanj 
1775 - 1795                Makunda Bhank Deo Bhanj 
1795 - 1805                Guri Charan Deo Bhanj 
1805 - 1845                Krishna Chanda Deo Bhanj  
1845 - 1861                Madhusudan Deo Bhanj  
1861 - Jan 1873            Narsimha Deo Bhanj  
21 Jan 1873 - 21 May 1874  Chaitan Deo Bhanj                  (b. 1854 - d. ....)
Rajas
21 May 1874 - 1896         Chaitan Deo Bhanj                  (s.a.)
1896 - 11 Dec 1913         Narayan Deo Bhanj                  (b. 1860 - d. 1913) 
11 Dec 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Kishor Chandra Deo Bhanj           (b. 1908 - d. 1960)
11 Dec 1913 -  3 Mar 1930  .... -Regent


Datia

1626                       Datia state founded.
15 Mar 1801                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rao)
1683 - 1706                Dalpat Singh
1706 - 1733                Ramchandra Singh                   (d. 1733)
1733 - 1762                Indrajit Singh
1762 - 1801                Satrujit Singh
1801 - 182.                Parichhat Singh
Rajas
182. - 1839                Parichhat Singh
1839 - 20 Nov 1857         Bijai Singh                        (b. 1826 - d. 1857)
20 Nov 1857 - 1865         Bhavani Singh                      (b. 1846 - d. 1907)
Maharajas (title from 1877 Maharaja Lokindra)
1865 -  4 Aug 1907         Bhavani Singh                      (s.a.)
 5 Aug 1907 - 15 Aug 1947  Govind Singh                       (b. 1886 - d. 1951)


Dewas (Dewas Junior Branch)

[Dewas Junior Branch]

1728                       Dewas (Dewas Junior Branch) state founded.
12 Dec 1818                British protectorate.

Rajas 
1728 - 15 Aug 1774         Jivaji Rao Puar                    (d. 1774)
15 Aug 1774 -  2 Dec 1790  Sadashiv Rao I Puar                (d. 1790)
 2 Dec 1790 - 1817         Rukmangad Rao Puar                 (b. 17.. - d. 1817)
1817 - 1840                Anand Rao Puar                     (d. 1840)
1840 - 12 May 1864         Haibat Rao Puar                    (d. 1864)
12 May 1864 - 19 Jan 1892  Narayan Rao Puar "Dada Sahib"      (b. 1860 - d. 1892)
12 May 1864 - 1877         Yamuna Bai Saheb -Regent 
+ Rao Bahadur R.J. Bhide
                             (superintendent)
19 Jan 1892 -  1 Jan 1918  Malhar Rao Puar "Bhava Sahib"      (b. 1877 - d. 1934)
1898 - c.1908              Lala Bisheshas Nath -Regent
Maharajas

 1 Jan 1918 -  4 Feb 1934  Malhar Rao Puar "Bhava Sahib"      (s.a.)
 4 Feb 1934 -  2 Dec 1943  Sadashiv Rao II Puar "Khasi Sahib" (b. 1887 - d. 1943)
 2 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Yeshwant Rao Puar "Bhav Sahib"     (b. 1905 - d. 1965)


Dewas (Dewas Senior Branch)

(Dewas Senior Branch)

1728                       Dewas (Dewas Senior Branch) state founded.
12 Dec 1818                British protectorate.

Rajas
1728 - 16 Nov 1754         Tukaji Rao I Puar                  (b. c.1696 - d. 1754)
16 Nov 1754 - 24 Mar 1789  Krishnaji Rao I Puar               (b. 1740 - d. 1789)
24 Mar 1789 - 28 Sep 1827  Tukaji Rao II Puar                 (b. 1783 - d. 1827)
24 Mar 1789 -  4 Oct 1794  Rani Gangabai (f) -Regent
28 Sep 1827 - 26 Jul 1860  Rukmangad Tukaji Rao Puar          (b. 1821 - d. 1860)
                             "Khasi Sahib" 
26 Jul 1860 - 12 Oct 1899  Krishnaji Rao II Puar              (b. 1849 - d. 1899)
                             "Baba Sahib" 
26 Oct 1860 - 23 Mar 1867  Maharani Yamunabai (f) -Regent     (b. 1829 - d. 1909)
12 Oct 1899 -  4 Apr 1900  Interregnum
4 Apr 1900 -  1 Jan 1918  Tukaji Rao III Puar "Kesho Rao     (b. 1888 - d. 1937)

                             Bapu Sahib" 
Maharajas
 1 Jan 1918 - 21 Dec 1937  Tukaji Rao III Puar "Kesho Rao     (s.a.)
                             Bapu Sahib"
(from 26 Jul 1934 
in Pondicherry exile)
21 Dec 1937 - 23 Mar 1947  Vikramasimha Rao Puar              (b. 1910 - d. 1983)
                             (administrator from 26 Jul 1934)
11 Aug 1941 - 15 May 1943  Maharani Pramilabai (f) -Regent    (b. 1910)
(1st time)

23 Mar 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Krishnaji Rao III Puar             (b. 1932 - d. 1999)
23 Mar 1947 - 15 Aug 1947
  Maharani Pramilabai (f) -Regent    (s.a.)
(2nd time)


Dhami

[Dhami]

.... - 1803                Tributary to Bilaspur.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Rana)
1778 - 1803                Dalel Singh                        (d. 1803)
1803 - 1813                Pritam Singh                       (d. 1813)
1815 - 1868                Govardhan Singh                    (b. c.1802 - d. 1868)
1868 - 1894                Fateh Singh                        (b. 1855 - d. 1894)
1894 - 1920                Hira Singh                         (b. 1878 - d. 1920)
1920 - 15 Aug 1947         Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1908 - d. 1987)


Dhar

[Dhar]

Capital: Dhar
(Dharanagar 1732 -….,
Multhan 1728-1732)
Population: 253,210  (1941)
243,430 (1931)

1728                       Dhar state founded.
10 Jan 1819                British protectorate.
19 Jan 1858 -  1 May 1860  State confiscated by British India.

Rajas
1728 - 1732                Udaji Rao I Puar                   (d. 1742)
1732 - 1736                Anand Rao I Puar                   (d. 1749)
1736 -  6 Jan 1761         Jashwant Rao I Puar                (b. 1724 - d. 1761)
 6 Jan 1761 - 1782         Khande Rao Puar                    (b. 1759 - d. 1782)
 6 Jan 1761 - 1777         Rani Gahena Bai (f) -Regent
1782 - 10 Jun 1807         Anand Rao II Puar                  (b. 1763 - d. 1807)

1782 - 1798                Rani Nubadha Bai (f) -Regent 
Dec 1807 - 1810            Ramchandra Rao I Puar              (b. 1807 - d. 1810)
Dec 1807 - 1810            Maina Bai (f) -Regent
1810 - Oct 1833            Ramchandra Rao II Puar             (b. 1809 - d. 1833)
21 Apr 1834 - 23 May 1857  Jashwant Rao II Puar               (b. 1823 - d. 1857)
23 May 1857 - 19 Jan 1858  Anand Rao III Puar (1st time)      (b. 1843 - d. 1898)
23 Jan 1857 - 19 Jan 1858  Draupadi Bai (f) -Regent
19 Jan 1858 -  1 May 1860  State confiscated

 1 May 1860 - 29 Jul 1898  Anand Rao III Puar (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 11 Jan 1877)
1 May 1860 -  1 Oct 1864  .... -Regent
29 Jul 1898 -  1 Jan 1918  Udaji Rao II Puar "Baba Sahib"     (b. 1886 - d. 1926)

                             (personal style Maharaja from 31 Jun 1899)
29 Jul 1898 -  6 Dec 1907  .... - Regent
Maharajas

 1 Jan 1918 - 30 Jul 1926  Udaji Rao II Puar "Baba Sahib"     (s.a.)
 1 Aug 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Anand Rao IV Puar                  (b. 1920 - d. 1989)
30 Jul 1926 - 30 Oct 1931  Maharani Lakshmi Devi              (d. 1931)
Bai (f) -Regent 

30 Oct 1931 - 16 Mar 1940  .... - Regent


Dharampur

[Dharampur]

1262                       Dharampur state founded.
1766                       Capital moved to Mandvegan and renamed 
Dharampur.
31 Dec 1802                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharajadhiraj Maharana Shri)
Oct 1680 - 1711            Sahadevji
1711 - 1758                Ramdevji II                       (d. 1758)
1758 - 1774                Dharamdevji                       (d. 1774)
1774 - 1777                Narandevji (Guman Singh)          (d. 1777)
1774 - 1777                Maharani Baiji Kushal             (d. 1784)
                             Kunverba (f) (1st time) -Regent   
1777 - 1784                Somdevji II (Abhay Singh)
1777 - 1784                Maharani Baiji Kushal             (s.a.)
                             Kunverba (f) (2nd time) -Regent
1787 - 1807                Rupdevji
1787 - 1800                Maharani Baiji Kushal Kunverba
Sahib (f) -Regent
1807 - 1857                Vijaidevji I                      (d. 1857)
1857 - 20 Jan 1860         Ramdevji III Vijayadevji          (d. 1860)
20 Jan 1860 - 17 Sep 1891  Narayandevji Ramdevji             (b. 1840 - d. 1891)
17 Sep 1891 - 26 Mar 1921  Mohandevji Narayandevji           (b. 1863 - d. 1921)
26 Mar 1921 - 15 Aug 1947  Vijaidevji II Mohandevji          (b. 1884 - d. 1952) 


Dhenkanal

[Dhenkanal]

c.1530                     Dhenkanal state founded.

Rajas
1682 - 1708                Nru Singh Bhramarbar
1708 - 1728                Kunja Behari Bhramarbar
1728 - 1741                Braja Behari Bhramarbar
1741 - 1743                Damodar Bhramarbar
1743 - 1785                Trilochan Singh Mahendra 
1785 - 1796                Dayanidhi Mahendra
1796 - 1807                Ramchandra Mahendra
1807 - 1822                Krishna Chandra Mahendra 
1822 - 1830                Shyam Chandra Mahendra
1830 - 1877                Bhagirath Mahendra                 (b. 1823 - d. ....) 
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1869)
1877 - 1885                Dinabhandu Mahendra
29 Aug 1885 - 16 Oct 1918  Shura Pratap Mahendra              (b. 1884 - d. 1918)
16 Oct 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Shankar Pratap Singh Dev Mahendra  (b. 1904 - d. 1965)


Dholpur

[Dholpur to c.1780]
                      to c.1780
[Dholpur]
                       c.1780 – 1947

c.700                      Dholpur (Dhavalapura) state founded.
1505                       Gohad state founded.
1740 - 1756                Occupied by Gwalior.
1761 - 1775                Dholpur annexed to Bharatpur.

1782 - Dec 1805            Dholpur annexed by Gwalior.
21 Jul 1783 - 1804         Gohad annexed by Gwalior.
 2 Dec 1779                British protectorate.
1806                       Ruler of Gohad merges Gohad into Dholpur.

Rulers of Gohad (title Rana Shri)
1699 - 1713                Gaj Singh                          (d. 1713)
1713 - 1717                Jaswant Singh                      (d. 1717)
1717 - 1756                Bhim Singh                         (d. 1756)
1756 - 1757                Pratap Singh                       (d. 1757)
1757 - 23 Feb 1784         Chhatrapat Singh                   (d. 1788) 
                             (personal style Maharaj Rana from 1771)
1784 - 1803                Interregnum
1803 - 1806                Kirat Singh                        (b. 1763 - d. 1836)

Rulers of Dholpur (title Maharajadhiraja Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana) 
1806 - 21 Apr 1836         Kirat Singh                        (s.a.)
1836 - Dec 1836            Pohap Singh                        (d. 1836)
Dec 1836 -  7 Feb 1873     Bhagwant Singh                     (b. 1824 - d. 1873)
 7 Feb 1873 - 28 Jul 1901  Nihal Singh                        (b. 1863 - d. 1901)
 7 Feb 1874 - 1884         Maharani Sateha Devi
Bhawa 
(f) -Regent
28 Jul 1901 -  2 Apr 1911  Ram Singh                          (b. 1883 - d. 1911)

28 Jul 1901 - Mar 1905     .... -Regent
 2 Apr 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Udai Bhan Singh                    (b. 1893 - d. 1954)
 2 Apr 1911 -  9 Oct 1913  .... -Regent


Dhrangadhra

[Dhrangadhra to 1946]
                      c.1911 – 1946
[Dhrangadhra]
                        1946 – 1948

1090                       Jhalawad state founded.
1735                       New capital Dhrangadhra founded; state renamed (earlier
                             names: Kuwa, Halwad; the state is sometimes styled 
                             Halwad-Dhrangadhra).

Rulers (title Maharana Raj Sahib)
1672 - 1717                Jaswantsimhji I Gajsimhji          (d. 1717)
1717 - 1729                Pratapsimhji Jaswantsimhji         (d. 1729)
1729 - 1744                Raisimhji II Pratapsimhji          (d. 1744)
1744 - 1782                Gajsimhji II Raisimhji             (d. 1782)
1782 - 1801                Jashwantsimhji II Gajsimhji        (d. 1801)
                             (in opposition in Halwad from 1758)
1758 - 1782                Raniji Jijibai Kunverba (f) -Regent

                             (for Jashwantsimhji II; in opposition in Halwad)
1801 - 1804                Raisimhji III Jashwantsimhji       (b. 1761 - d. 1804)

1804 -  9 Apr 1843         Amarsimhji II Raisimhji            (b. 1782 - d. 1843)
 9 Apr 1843 - 16 Oct 1869  Ranmalsimhji Amarsimhji            (b. 1809 - d. 1869)
16 Oct 1869 -  2 Dec 1900  Mansimhji II Ranmalsimhji          (b. 1837 - d. 1900)
 2 Dec 1900 -  4 Feb 1911  Ajitsimhji Jashwantsimhji          (b. 1872 - d. 1911)
 4 Feb 1911 -  1 Jan 1918  Ganshyamsimhji Ajitsimhji          (b. 1889 - d. 1942)
Rulers (title Maharaja Shri Raj Sahib)
 1 Jan 1918 -  4 Feb 1942  Gabshyamsimhji Ajitsimhji          (s.a.)
 4 Feb 1942 - 15 Aug 1947  Mayurdhwajsimhji Meghraji III      (b. 1923 - d. 2010)
                             Ganshyamsimhji


Dhrol

c.1539                     Dhrol state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1644 - 1706                Kaloji I Panchanji
1706 - 1712                Junhoji I Kaloji
1712 - 1715                Ketoji Junoji
1715 - 1716                Kaloji II Junoji                   (d. 1716)
1716 - 1760                Vaghji Junoji
1760 - 1781                Jaysimhji I Vaghji
1781 - 1789                Junoji II Jaysimhji
1789 - ....                Nathoji Junoji
.... - 1803                Modji Nathoji 
1803 - 1844                Bhuptasimhji Modji 
1845 - 1886                Jaysimhji II Bhuptasimhji          (b. 1824 - d. 1886)
26 Oct 1886 - 31 Jul 1914  Harisimhji Jaisimhji               (b. 1846 - d. 19..)
 2 Sep 1914 - 31 Aug 1937  Daulatsimhji Harisimhji            (b. 1864 - d. 1937)
31 Aug 1937 - 1939         Jorawarsimhji Dipsinhji            (b. 1910 - d. 1939)
10 Oct 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Chandrasimhji Dipsinhji            (b. 1912 - d. ....)



Dhurwai

[Dhurwai-Bundelkhand]

Rulers (title Diwan)
.... - ....                Prithvi Raj
14 Jan 1851 - ....         Ranjor Singh                       (b. c.1833 - d. ....)
.... - ....                ....
.... - ....                Jugal Prasad Singh


Dir: see Pakistani Princely States


Dujana

[Dujana (India)]

1806                       Dujana state founded.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1806 - 1825                `Abd as-Samad Khan
1825 - 1850                Dondi Khera Khan
1850 - 1867                Hasan `Ali Khan
1867 - 15 Oct 1879         Mohammad Sa`adat `Ali Khan         (b. 1840 - d. 1879)
1879 - 1908                Momtaz `Ali Khan                   (b. 1865 - d. 19..)
1908 - 1925                Mohammad Khurshid `Ali Khan
21 Jul 1925 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Iqtidar `Ali Khan         (b. 1912 - d. bf.1970)


Dungarpur

[Dungarpur]

1197                       Dungarpur state founded.
11 Dec 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rawal)
1691 - 1702                Khuman Singh
1702 - 1730                Ram Singh
1730 - 1785                Shiv Singh
1785 - 1790                Vairi Sal
1790 - 1808                Fateh Singh
Rulers (title Maharawal; from 1898 Rai-e-Rajan Maharawal)
1808 - 19 Dec 1845         Jashwant Singh                     (d. 1845)
1825 - 1846                Dalpat Singh -Regent               (b. 1808 - d. 1864)
1846 - 1898                Udai Singh                         (b. 1838 - d. 1898)
13 Feb 1898 - 15 Nov 1918  Bijai Singh                        (b. 1887 - d. 1918)
15 Nov 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Lakshman Singh                     (b. 1908 - d. 1989)


Faridkot

[Faridkot]

1643                       Kot Kapura state founded.
1763                       Joint rulers split Kot Kapura into Kot Kapura and Faridkot.
1807 - 1846                Kot Kapura incorporated into Pañjab.
3 Apr 1809                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Chaudhuri) of Kot Kapura
1643 - 1708                Kapur Singh
1708 - 1720                Interregnum
1720 - 1732                Sukhia Singh
1732 - 1767                Jodh Singh
1767 - 1806                Tej Singh
1806 - 1807                Jagat Singh                        (d. 1825)
Rulers (title Sardar) of Faridkot
1643 - 1708                Kapura Singh                       (b. 1628 - d. 1708)
1708 - 1710                Sajja Singh                        (d. 1710)
1710 - 1731                Sukha Singh                        (b. 1681 - d. 1731)
1732 - 1782                Hamir Singh                        (d. 1782)
1782 - 1798                Mohr Singh                         (d. 1798)
1798 - 1804                Charat Singh                       (d. 1804)
1804                       Dal Singh                          (d. 1804)
1804 -  5 Nov 1826         Ghulab Singh                       (b. c.1797 - d. 1826)
 5 Nov 1826 - Aug 1827     Attar Singh                        (b. 1823 - d. 1827)
 5 Nov 1826 - Aug 1827     Pahar Singh -Regent                (b. 1799 - d. 1849)
Aug 1827 - 15 Apr 1846     Pahar Singh                        (s.a.)
Rajas (title from 12 Jul 1858, Brar Bans Raja Sahib Bahadur;
from 1874, Farzand-i-Sadaat Nishan Hazrat-i-Kaisar-i-Hind Raja

15 Apr 1846 - Apr 1849     Pahar Singh                        (s.a.)
Apr 1849 - 22 Apr 1874     Wazir Singh                        (b. 1828 - d. 1874)
22 Apr 1874 -  8 Aug 1898  Vikram Singh                       (b. 1842 - d. 1898)
 8 Aug 1898 - 11 Feb 1906  Balbir Singh                       (b. 1869 - d. 1906)
11 Feb 1906 -  1 Jan 1918  Brij Indar Singh                   (b. 1896 - d. 1918)
11 Feb 1906 - Nov 1916     .... -Regent 
Maharaja

 1 Jan 1918 - 22 Dec 1918  Brij Indar Singh                   (s.a.)
Raja
23 Dec 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Har Indar Singh                    (b. 1915 - d. 1989)
23 Dec 1918 - 17 Oct 1934  .... -Regent



Farrukhabad 

1714                       Farrukhabad state founded.
 4 Jun 1802                Reduced to an estate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1714 - 1743                Mohammad Khan Ghanzanfar Jang     (b. 1665? - d. 1743)
1743 - 22 Nov 1748         Kaim Khan                         (d. 1748)
1748 - 1750                Imam Khan
1750 - Nov 1771            Ahmad Khan Ghalib Jang            (d. 1771)
1771 - 1796                Dilar Himmat Khan Muzaffar Jang   (b. 1758 - d. 1796)
1796 -  4 Jun 1802         Imdad Husain Khan Nasir Jang      (d. 1813)


Gangpur

Rulers
.... - ....                Baijnath Shekhar Deo
1804 - 1820                Indra Shekhar Deo 
1820 - 26 Feb 1831         Parsharam Shekhar Deo              (d. 1831) 
1831 - 1852                Jagadev Shekhar Deo

1852 - 1858                Chandrabhanu Shekhar Deo
1859                       Madan Mohand Shekhar Deo
1860 - 1865                Danardan Shekar Deo
1865 - 1874                Raghunath Shekhar Deo              (b. 1849 - d. 1917)
Rajas 
1874 - 1917                Raghunath Shekhar Deo              (s.a.)
10 Jun 1917 -  5 May 1930  Bhawani Shankar Shekhar Deo        (b. 1898 - d. 19..)
1930 - 26 Dec 1938         Bir Mitra Pratap Shekhar Deo       (b. 1920 - d. 1938)
1930 - 26 Dec 1938         Rani Janaki Rathnayammarjee
                             of Kurupam (f) -Regent
26 Dec 1938 - 15 Aug 1947  Bir Pratap Shekhar Deo             (b. 1923 - d. 1967)
26 Dec 1938 - 1944
         Rani Janaki Rathnayammarjee
                             of Kurupam (f) -Regent 


Gilgit: see Pakistani Princely States


Gohad: see Dholpur


Gondal

1634                       Gondal state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur Shri)
1679 - 1714                Sagramji I                         (b. 1634 - d. 1714)
1714 - 1753                Haloji                             (b. 1676 - d. 1753)
1753 - 1790                Kumbhoji II                        (b. 1712 - d. 1790)
1790 - 1792                Malubhai                           (b. 1755 - d. 1792)
1792 - 1800                Dajibhai Muluji                    (b. 1776 - d. 1800)
1800 - 1812                Devabhai (Devaji)                  (b. 1757 - d. 1812)
1812 - 1814                Nathubhai (Nathuji Devaji)         (d. 1814)
1814 - 1821                Kanuji Devaji                      (d. 1821)
1821 - 1841                Chandrasimhji II Devaji            (d. 1841)
1841 - 1851                Bhakabhai Devaji                   (d. 1851)
1851 - 14 Dec 1869         Sagramji II Devaji                 (b. 1822 - d. 1869)
14 Dec 1869 - 10 Mar 1944  Bhagwatsimhji Sagramji             (b. 1865 - d. 1944)
                            (personal style Maharaja from 1 Jan 1888)
27 Apr 1870 - 24 Aug 1884  Regency
                           - Lloyd (to 10 Jun 1872)
- Goodfellow
(acting for Lloyd 
27 Apr 1870 - Feb 1871)
- Phillips (
Jun 1872 - 1875)
                           - W. Scott (1875 - May 1882)
- Reeves (acting for Scott 1876-77)
- Salmon (acting for Scott 1877-78)
- Jayashankar Lalshankar
(
16 Sep 1878 - Feb 1882)
- Bhagvat Sinhji
(
Feb 1882 - 24 Aug 1884)
- Hancock
(acting for Scott 
Oct 1880 - Feb 1881)
- Nutt (
May 1882 - 24 Aug 1884;
acting for Scott 
Aug 1881 - Jan 1882)
9 Mar 1944 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhojrajji 
Bhagwatsimhji            (b. 1883 - d. 1952)
                            (personal style Maharaja)



Guler

1415                       Guler state founded.
1813                       Annexed to British India.

Rajas
1695 - 1741                Dalip Singh                        (b. 1688 - d. 1741)
1730 - 1741                Govardhan Singh -Regent            (b. 1713 - d. 1773)
1741 - 1773                Govardhan Singh                    (s.a.)
1773 - 1790                Prakash Singh                      (b. 1748 - d. 1820)
1790 - 1813                Bhup Singh                         (b. 1765 - d. 1826)


Gwalior

[Gwalior]
 
[Gwalior state flag]
           c.1908 – 1947 State flag
Map of Gwalior Capital: Laskar Population: 4,006,159 (1940)

c.900                      Gwalior state founded.
1232 - 1398                Annexed by Dihli (Delhi) sultanate.
1518 - 1731                Annexed by Mughal empire.
1731                       Sindhya (Scindia) state refounded by Mahratta general.
1766                       Gwalior capital of the state, gives it its name.
13 Dec 1781                British protectorate (and 30 Dec 1803). 

Rulers (title Maharaja Sindhya)
1731 - 19 Jul 1745         Ranojirao Scindia                  (d. 1745)
19 Jul 1745 - 25 Jul 1755  Jayapparao Scindia                 (d. 1755)
25 Jul 1755 - 15 Jan 1761  Jankojirao I Scindia               (b. 1745 - d. 1761)
25 Jul 1755 - 10 Jan 1760  Dattaji -Regent                    (d. 1760)
15 Jan 1761 - 25 Nov 1763  Interregnum
25 Nov 1763 - 10 Jul 1764  Kadarjirao Scindia
10 Jul 1764 - 18 Jan 1768  Manajirao Scindia
18 Jan 1768 - 12 Feb 1794  Madhavrao I Scindia                (b. c.1727 - d. 1794)
12 Feb 1794 - 21 Mar 1827  Daulatrao Scindia                  (b. 1779 - d. 1827)
21 Mar 1827 - 17 Jun 1827  Maharani Baija Bai (f) -Regent     (d. 1863)
17 Jun 1827 -  7 Feb 1843    (1st time)
17 Jun 1827 -  7 Feb 1843  Jankojirao II Scindia              (b. 1805 - d. 1843)
17 Jun 1827 - Dec 1832     Maharani Baija Bai (f) -Regent     (s.a.)
(2nd time)
7 Feb 1843 - 20 Jun 1886  Jayajirao Scindia                  (b. 1835 - d. 1886)

 7 Feb 1843 - 19 Jan 1845  Maharani Tara Bai (f) -Regent      (b. 1831 - d. ....)
1843 - Jan 1844            Dada Khasjiwallah (in rebellion)
20 Jun 1886 -  5 Jun 1925  Madhavrao II Scindia               (b. 1876 - d. 1925)
17 Aug 1886 - 15 Dec 1894  Maharani Sakhya Bai (f) -Regent    (b. 1862 - d. 1919)
 5 Jun 1925 - 15 Aug 1947  George Jivaji Rao Scindia          (b. 1916 - d. 1961)
 5 Jun 1925 23 Nov 1931  Maharani Chinku Bai (f) -Regent    (d. 1932)
23 Nov 1931 - 22 Nov 1936  Maharani Gajra Bai (f) -Regent     (d. 1943)

British Residents
Nov 1781 - Dec 1783        David Anderson 
Dec 1783 - Aug 1784        James Anderson (acting)
20 Dec 1786 - 15 Oct 1787  William Kirkpatrick                (b. 1754 - d. 1812)
Apr 1787 - Jun 1787        James Macpherson (acting)
15 Oct 1787 - Sep 1797     William Palmer                     (d. 1814)
Sep 1797 - 10 Oct 1798     Paris Bradshaw (acting)
10 Oct 1798 -  3 Aug 1803  John Collins                       (d. 1807)

Aug 1803 - Jan 1804        Vacant
12 Jan 1804 - 13 May 1804  Sir John Malcolm                   (b. 1769 - d. 1833)

13 May 1804 -  9 Nov 1804  Josiah Webbe (acting)              (b. 1768 - d. 1804) 
 9 Nov 1805 - Dec 1805     Richard Jenkins (acting)           (b. 1785 - d. 1853)
18 Dec 1805 - 29 May 1808  Graeme Mercer (1st time)
29 May 1808 - 11 Jul 1808  Mountstuart Elphinstone            (b. 1799 - d. 1859)
11 Jul 1808 - 22 Dec 1809  Robert Close (1st time)
22 Dec 1809 - 28 Jul 1810  Graeme Mercer (2nd time)  
28 Jul 1810 - 13 Apr 1811  Charles Theophilus Metcalfe        (b. 1785 - d. 1846)
13 Apr 1811 - 19 Nov 1815  Richard Charles Strachey           (b. 1781 - d. 1847) 
                             (1st time)
19 Nov 1815 - 16 Mar 1816  Gerald Wellesley 
Mar 1816 - Apr 1818        Robert Close (2nd time)
24 May 1817 - 14 Jun 1817  James Tod (acting for Close)
24 Apr 1818 - 1821         Josiah Stewart (1st time)
1821 - 1823                Sir Richard Strachey               (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1822                       Johnstone (acting)
1823 - 1824                Robert Close (3rd time)
1824 - 1828                Josiah Stewart (2nd time)
1829 - 1831                George Fielding (1st time) 
1831                       Sir John Low                       (b. 1788 - d. 1880)
1831 - 1832                George Fielding (2nd time) 
1832                       John Dixon Dyke 
1832 - 1835                Richard Cavendish 
1835 - 1837                John Sutherland 
1837 - 1838                Dundas
1838 - 1843                Alexander Speirs 
1843 - 1844                Sir William Henry Sleeman          (b. 1788 - d. 1856)
1844 - 1848                Sir Richmond Campbell Shakespear   (b. 1812 - d. 1861)
                             (1st time)
1848 - 1849                D. Ross
1849                       Sir Richmond Campbell Shakespear   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1849 - 1852                Sir Henry Marion Durand            (b. 1812 - d. 1871)
1852 - 1854                Duncan A. Malcolm 
1854 - 1859                Samuel Charters Macpherson         (b. 1806 - d. 1880) 
1859 - 1862                Sir Richard John Meade             (b. 1821 - d. 1894)
1862 - 1863                Richard Harte Keatinge             (b. 1825 - d. 1904)
1863 - 1867                Alexander Ross Elliott Hutchinson
1867 - 1868                Sir Henry Dermot Daly              (b. 1821 - d. 1895)
1868 - 1869                Charles L. Showers 
1869 - 1872                Sir Crawford Trotter Chamberlain   (b. 1821 - d. 1902) 
1872 - 1874                Eugene Clutterbuck Impey           (b. 1830 - d. 1904) 
1874 - 1877                John William Willoughby Osborne    (b. 1833 - d. 1881) 
                             (1st time)
1877                       Sir John Watson (1st time)         (b. 1829 - d. 1919)
1877 - 1880                William Tweedie (1st time)         (b. 1836 - d. 1914)
1880 -  8 Oct 1881         John William Willoughby Osborne    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1881 - 1882                Sir John Watson (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1882    

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